Section 101A of GST Act: Constitution of National Appellate Authority

Amended and updated notes on section 101A of CGST Act, 2017. Provisions related to constitution of National Appellate Authority for Advance Ruling.

Amended and updated notes on section 101A of CGST Act, 2017. Detail discussion on provisions and rules related to constitution of National Appellate Authority for Advance Ruling.

Chapter XVII (Sections 95106) of the Central Goods and Services Tax Act, 2017 deals with the provisions related to advance ruling. Section 101A of CGST 2017 provides for constitution of National Appellate Authority for Advance Ruling.

Recently, we have discussed in detail section 101 (Orders of Appellate Authority) of CGST Act 2017. Today, we learn the provisions of section 101A of Central GST Act 2017.

Section 101A of the Central Goods and Services Tax Act, 2017 has been notified by the Ministry of Finance vide Notification No. 1/2020-Central Tax, G.S.R. 2(E), dated 01.01.2020. This notification was come into force from 1st January, 2020 i.e. the commencement date of section 101A is 1-1-2020.

Name of ActThe Central Goods and Services Tax Act 2017
Enacted byParliament of India
Administered byCentral Board of Indirect Taxes & Customs
Governing bodyGST Council
Number of Chapters21
Number of Sections174
You are reading:
Chapter No.XVII
Chapter NameAdvance Ruling
Section No.101A
Section NameConstitution of National Appellate Authority for
Advance Ruling
Updated 2024 EditionGST Law Book PDF

Section 101A of Central GST – Constitution of National Appellate Authority for Advance Ruling1

Section 101A of CGST Act 2017 shall come into force on 01.01.2020 vide Notification No. 1/2020-Central Tax, G.S.R. 2(E), dated 1.1.2020.

Section 101A(1) of CGST Act

Section 101A(1): The Government shall, on the recommendations of the Council, by notification, constitute, with effect from such date as may be specified therein, an Authority known as the National Appellate Authority for Advance Ruling for hearing appeals made under section 101B.

Section 101A(2) of CGST Act

Section 101A(2): The National Appellate Authority shall consist of—

  • (i) the President, who has been a Judge of the Supreme Court or is or has been the Chief Justice of a High Court, or is or has been a Judge of a High Court for a period not less than five years;
  • (ii) a Technical Member (Centre) who is or has been a member of Indian Revenue (Customs and Central Excise) Service, Group A, and has completed at least fifteen years of service in Group A;
  • (iii) a Technical Member (State) who is or has been an officer of the State Government not below the rank of Additional Commissioner of Value Added Tax or the Additional Commissioner of State tax with at least three years of experience in the administration of an existing law or the State Goods and Services Tax Act or in the field of finance and taxation.

Section 101A(3) of CGST Act

Section 101A(3): The President of the National Appellate Authority shall be appointed by the Government after consultation with the Chief Justice of India or his nominee:

Provided that in the event of the occurrence of any vacancy in the office of the President by the reason of his death, resignation or otherwise, the senior most Member of the National Appellate Authority shall act as the President until the date on which a new President, appointed in accordance with the provisions of this Act to fill such vacancy, enters upon his office:

Provided further that where the President is unable to discharge his functions owing to absence, illness or any other cause, the senior most Member of the National Appellate Authority shall discharge the functions of the President until the date on which the President resumes his duties.

Section 101A(4) of CGST Act

Section 101A(4): The Technical Member (Centre) and Technical Member (State) of the National Appellate Authority shall be appointed by the Government on the recommendations of a Selection Committee consisting of such persons and in such manner as may be prescribed.

Section 101A(5) of CGST Act

Section 101A(5): No appointment of the Members of the National Appellate Authority shall be invalid merely by the reason of any vacancy or defect in the constitution of the Selection Committee.

Section 101A(6) of CGST Act

Section 101A(6): Before appointing any person as the President or Members of the National Appellate Authority, the Government shall satisfy itself that such person does not have any financial or other interests which are likely to prejudicially affect his functions as such President or Member.

Section 101A(7) of CGST Act

Section 101A(7): The salary, allowances and other terms and conditions of service of the President and the Members of the National Appellate Authority shall be such as may be prescribed:

Provided that neither salary and allowances nor other terms and conditions of service of the President or Members of the National Appellate Authority shall be varied to their disadvantage after their appointment.

Section 101A(8) of CGST Act

Section 101A(8): The President of the National Appellate Authority shall hold office for a term of three years from the date on which he enters upon his office, or until he attains the age of seventy years, whichever is earlier and shall also be eligible for reappointment.

Section 101A(9) of CGST Act

Section 101A(9): The Technical Member (Centre) or Technical Member (State) of the National Appellate Authority shall hold office for a term of five years from the date on which he enters upon his office, or until he attains the age of sixty-five years, whichever is earlier and shall also be eligible for reappointment.

Section 101A(10) of CGST Act

Section101A(10): The President or any Member may, by notice in writing under his hand addressed to the Government, resign from his office:

Provided that the President or Member shall continue to hold office until the expiry of three months from the date of receipt of such notice by the Government, or until a person duly appointed as his successor enters upon his office or until the expiry of his term of office, whichever is the earliest.

Section 101A(11) of CGST Act

Section 101A(11): The Government may, after consultation with the Chief Justice of India, remove from the office such President or Member, who—

  • (a) has been adjudged an insolvent; or
  • (b) has been convicted of an offence which, in the opinion of such Government involves moral turpitude; or
  • (c) has become physically or mentally incapable of acting as such President or Member; or
  • (d) has acquired such financial or other interest as is likely to affect prejudicially his functions as such President or Member; or
  • (e) has so abused his position as to render his continuance in office prejudicial to the public interest:

Provided that the President or the Member shall not be removed on any of the grounds specified in clauses (d) and (e), unless he has been informed of the charges against him and has been given an opportunity of being heard.

Section 101A(12) of CGST Act

Section 101A(12): Without prejudice to the provisions of sub-section (11), the President and Technical Members of the National Appellate Authority shall not be removed from their office except by an order made by the Government on the ground of proven misbehaviour or incapacity after an inquiry made by a Judge of the Supreme Court nominated by the Chief Justice of India on a reference made to him by the Government and such President or Member had been given an opportunity of being heard.

Section 101A(13) of CGST Act

Section 101A(13): The Government, with the concurrence of the Chief Justice of India, may suspend from office, the President or Technical Members of the National Appellate Authority in respect of whom a reference has been made to the Judge of the Supreme Court under sub-section (12).

Section 101A(14) of CGST Act

Section 101A(14): Subject to the provisions of article 220 of the Constitution, the President or Members of the National Appellate Authority, on ceasing to hold their office, shall not be eligible to appear, act or plead before the National Appellate Authority where he was the President or, as the case may be, a Member.

  1. Section 101A of CGST Act 2017 shall come into force on 01.01.2020 vide Notification No. 1/2020-Central Tax, G.S.R. 2(E), dated 1.1.2020. ↩︎


Open Demat Account

For Investing or Trading

(Best Investing and Trading Platform in India)

Learn More