Section 161 of GST Act: Rectification of errors apparent on the face of record

Amended and updated notes on section 161 of CGST Act, 2017. Provisions and rules related to rectification of errors apparent on the face of record.

Amended and updated notes on section 161 of CGST Act, 2017. Detail discussion on provisions and rules related to rectification of errors apparent on the face of record.

Chapter XXI (Sections 143174) of the Central Goods and Services Tax Act, 2017 deals with the provisions related to miscellaneous. Section 161 of CGST 2017 provides for rectification of errors apparent on the face of record.

Recently, we have discussed in detail section 160 (Assessment proceedings, etc., not to be invalid on certain grounds) of CGST Act 2017. Today, we learn the provisions of section 161 of Central GST Act 2017.

Section 161 of the Central Goods and Services Tax Act, 2017 has been notified by the Ministry of Finance vide Notification No. 1/2017-Central Tax, G.S.R. 605(E), dated 19.06.2017. This notification was come into force from 22nd June, 2017 i.e. the commencement date of section 161 is 22-6-2017.

Name of ActThe Central Goods and Services Tax Act 2017
Enacted byParliament of India
Administered byCentral Board of Indirect Taxes & Customs
Governing bodyGST Council
Number of Chapters21
Number of Sections174
You are reading:
Chapter No.XXI
Chapter NameMiscellaneous
Section No.161
Section NameRectification of errors apparent on the face of record
Updated 2024 EditionGST Law Book PDF

Relevant Rules and Forms for GST Section 161:

  • Rule 142: Notice and order for demand of amounts payable under the Act
    • FORM GST DRC – 01: Summary of Show Cause Notice
    • FORM GST DRC – 01A: Intimation of tax ascertained as being payable under section 73(5)/74(5)
    • FORM GST DRC – 02: Summary of Statement
    • FORM GST DRC – 03: Intimation of payment made voluntarily or made against the show cause notice (SCN) or statement or intimation of tax ascertained through FORM GST DRC-01A.
    • FORM GST DRC – 04: Acknowledgement of acceptance of payment made voluntarily
    • FORM GST DRC – 05: Intimation of conclusion of proceedings
    • FORM GST DRC – 06: Reply to the Show Cause Notice
    • FORM GST DRC – 07: Summary of the order
    • FORM GST DRC – 07A: Summary of the order creating demand under existing laws  
    • FORM GST DRC – 08: Summary of Rectification /Withdrawal Order

Section 161 of Central GST – Rectification of errors apparent on the face of record1

Section 161 of CGST Act 2017 shall come into force on 22.06.2017 vide Notification No. 1/2017-Central Tax, G.S.R. 605(E), dated 19.06.2017.

Without prejudice to the provisions of section 160, and notwithstanding anything contained in any other provisions of this Act, any authority, who has passed or issued any decision or order or notice or certificate or any other document, may rectify any error which is apparent on the face of record in such decision or order or notice or certificate or any other document, either on its own motion or where such error is brought to its notice by any officer appointed under this Act or an officer appointed under the State Goods and Services Tax Act or an officer appointed under the Union Territory Goods and Services Tax Act or by the affected person within a period of three months from the date of issue of such decision or order or notice or certificate or any other document, as the case may be:

Provided that no such rectification shall be done after a period of six months from the date of issue of such decision or order or notice or certificate or any other document:

Provided further that the said period of six months shall not apply in such cases where the rectification is purely in the nature of correction of a clerical or arithmetical error, arising from any accidental slip or omission:

Provided also that where such rectification adversely affects any person, the principles of natural justice shall be followed by the authority carrying out such rectification.

  1. Section 161 of CGST Act 2017 shall come into force on 22.06.2017 vide Notification No. 1/2017-Central Tax, G.S.R. 605(E), dated 19.06.2017. ↩︎


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