Section 50 of Income Tax Act for AY 2023-24

Section 50 of Income Tax Act amended by Finance Act 2022, Income-tax Rules. Computation of capital gains in case of depreciable asset.

Amended and updated notes on section 50 of Income Tax Act 1961 as amended by the Finance Act 2022 and Income-tax Rules, 1962. Detail discussion on provisions and rules related to special provision for computation of capital gains in case of depreciable assets.

Chapter IV (Sections 14 to 59) of the Income Tax Act 1961 deals with the provisions related to computation of total income. Section 50 of IT Act 1961-2022 provides for special provision for computation of capital gains in case of depreciable assets.

Recently, we have discussed in detail section 49 (cost with reference to certain modes of acquisition) of IT Act 1961. Today, we learn the provisions of section 50 of Income-tax Act 1961 as amended by the Finance Act 2022. The amended provision of section 50 is effective for financial year 2022-23 relevant to the assessment year 2023-24.

In this article, you will learn detail of the provisions of section 50 of the Income Tax Act, 1961 Bare Act read with the Income-tax Rules, 1962, regulations, notifications, circulars, orders and Press Release by CBDT, Income Tax Department and the Ministry of Law and Justice, Government of India.

Section-50: Special provision for computation of capital gains in case of depreciable assets

Notwithstanding anything contained in clause (42A) of section 2, where the capital asset is an asset forming part of a block of assets in respect of which depreciation has been allowed under this Act or under the Indian Income-tax Act, 1922 (11 of 1922), the provisions of sections 48 and 49 shall be subject to the following modifications :—

(1) where the full value of the consideration received or accruing as a result of the transfer of the asset together with the full value of such consideration received or accruing as a result of the transfer of any other capital asset falling within the block of the assets during the previous year, exceeds the aggregate of the following amounts, namely :—

  • (i) expenditure incurred wholly and exclusively in connection with such transfer or transfers;
  • (ii) the written down value of the block of assets at the beginning of the previous year; and
  • (iii) the actual cost of any asset falling within the block of assets acquired during the previous year,

such excess shall be deemed to be the capital gains arising from the transfer of short-term capital assets;

(2) where any block of assets ceases to exist as such, for the reason that all the assets in that block are transferred during the previous year, the cost of acquisition of the block of assets shall be the written down value of the block of assets at the beginning of the previous year, as increased by the actual cost of any asset falling within that block of assets, acquired by the assessee during the previous year and the income received or accruing as a result of such transfer or transfers shall be deemed to be the capital gains arising from the transfer of short-term capital assets.

Provided that in a case where goodwill of a business or profession forms part of a block of asset for the assessment year beginning on the 1st day of April, 2020 and depreciation thereon has been obtained by the assessee under the Act, the written down value of that block of asset and short term capital gain, if any, shall be determined in such manner as may be prescribed (Refer below).

[Proviso to section 50 has been inserted w.e.f. 1st April, 2021 by the Finance Act 2021]

Explanation: For the purposes of this section, reduction of the amount of goodwill of a business or profession, from the block of asset in accordance with sub-item (B) of item (ii) of sub-clause (c) of clause (6) of section 43 shall be deemed to be transfer.

[Explanation after proviso inserted and shall be deemed to have been inserted with effect from the 1st day of April, 2021 by the Finance Act 2022]

Income Tax Amendment (19th Amendment) Rules 2021

[Notification number G.S.R. 472 (E) dated the 7th July, 2021]

In exercise of the powers conferred by proviso to section 50 read with section 295 of the Income-tax Act, 1961 (43 of 1961), the Central Board of Direct taxes hereby makes the Income tax Amendment (19th Amendment), Rules, 2021. New Rule 8AC inserted by the Income tax Amendment (19th Amendment), Rules, 2021.

Rule 8AC: Computation of short term capital gains and written down value under section 50 where depreciation on goodwill has been obtained

Rule 8AC(1): For the purposes of proviso to section 50, the written down value of the block of the asset and short term capital gains, if any, for the previous year relevant to the assessment year commencing on the 1st day of April, 2021 shall be determined in accordance with this rule.

Rule 8AC(2): Where the goodwill of the business or profession was the only asset or one of the assets in the block of asset “intangible” for which depreciation was obtained by the assessee in the assessment year beginning on the 1st day of April, 2020, the written down value of this block of asset for the previous year relevant to the assessment year commencing on the 1st day of April, 2021 shall be determined in accordance with the provisions of item (ii) of sub-clause (c) of clause (6) of section 43.

Rule 8AC(3): Where the reduction under sub-item (B) of item (ii) of sub-clause (c) of clause (6) of section 43, for the previous year relevant to the assessment year commencing on the 1st day of April, 2021, exceeds the aggregate of the following amounts, namely:-

  • (i) the written down value of the block of assets at the beginning of the previous year relevant to the assessment year commencing on the 1st day of April, 2021 without giving effect to reduction under sub-item (B) of item (ii) of sub-clause (c) of clause (6) of section 43; and
  • (ii) the actual cost of any asset falling within the block of assets “intangible”, other than goodwill, acquired during the previous year relevant to the assessment year commencing on the 1st day of April, 2021, such excess shall be deemed to be the capital gains arising from the transfer of short-term capital assets.

Rule 8AC(4): Without prejudice to the provisions of sub-rule (3) and section 55, where the goodwill of the business or profession was the only asset in the block of asset “intangible” for which depreciation was obtained by the assessee in the assessment year beginning on the 1st day of April, 2020, and the block of asset ceases to exist on account of there being no further asset acquired during the previous year relevant to the assessment year commencing on the 1st day of April, 2021 in that block, there will not be any capital gains or loss on account of the block of asset having ceased to exist.

Rule 8AC(5): The capital gains or loss on transfer of goodwill, during the previous years relevant to the assessment year 2021-22 or subsequent assessment years, shall be determined in accordance with the provisions of section 48, section 49 and clause (a) of sub-section (2) of section 55.


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