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Section 129 – Detention, seizure and release of goods and conveyances in transit under CGST Act

Detail analysis of notified Rules and the provisions of Section 129 (Detention, seizure and release of goods and conveyances in transit) of the Central Goods and Services Tax (CGST) Act, 2017.

Chapter XIX (Sections 122-138) of the Central Goods and Services Tax (CGST) Act, 2017 deals with provisions related to offences and penalties. Section 129 of Central Goods and Services Tax Act, 2017 (12 of 2017) provides for detention, seizure and release of goods and conveyances in transit under CGST Act 2017.

Recently, we have discussed in detail section 128 (i.e. Power to waive penalty or fee or both) of CGST Act 2017. Today, we learn the provisions of section 129 of the CGST Act 2017. Complete Details of CGST Section 129 – Detention, seizure and release of goods and conveyances in transit. You may CLICK HERE to download list of all sections of CGST Act 2017 in PDF format.

Notes on Section 129 of CGST Act 2017

Section 129 of CGST Act 2017 shall come into force on 01.07.2017 vide Notification No. 9/2017 – Central Tax, G.S.R. 658(E), dated 28.06.2017. In this note, you will learn detail of the provisions of section 129 of CGST Act 2017 read with Central GST Rules 2017.

Section 129(1):

Notwithstanding anything contained in this Act, where any person transports any goods or stores any goods while they are in transit in contravention of the provisions of this Act or the rules made thereunder, all such goods and conveyance used as a means of transport for carrying the said goods and documents relating to such goods and conveyance shall be liable to detention or seizure and after detention or seizure, shall be released, ––
(a) on payment of the applicable tax and penalty equal to one hundred per cent. of the tax payable on such goods and, in case of exempted goods, on payment of an amount equal to two per cent. of the value of goods or twenty-five thousand rupees, whichever is less, where the owner of the goods comes forward for payment of such tax and penalty;
(b) on payment of the applicable tax and penalty equal to the fifty per cent. of the value of the goods reduced by the tax amount paid thereon and, in case of exempted goods, on payment of an amount equal to five per cent. of the value of goods or twenty-five thousand rupees, whichever is less, where the owner of the goods does not come forward for payment of such tax and penalty;
(c) upon furnishing a security equivalent to the amount payable under clause (a) or clause (b) in such form and manner as may be prescribed:

Provided that no such goods or conveyance shall be detained or seized without serving an order of detention or seizure on the person transporting the goods.

Section 129(2):

The provisions of sub-section (6) of section 67 shall, mutatis mutandis, apply for detention and seizure of goods and conveyances.

Section 129(3):

The proper officer detaining or seizing goods or conveyances shall issue a notice specifying the tax and penalty payable and thereafter, pass an order for payment of tax and penalty under clause (a) or clause (b) or clause (c).

Section 129(4):

No tax, interest or penalty shall be determined under sub-section (3) without giving the person concerned an opportunity of being heard.

Section 129(5):

On payment of amount referred in sub-section (1), all proceedings in respect of the notice specified in sub-section (3) shall be deemed to be concluded.

Section 129(6):

Where the person transporting any goods or the owner of the goods fails to pay the amount of tax and penalty as provided in sub-section (1) within seven days of such detention or seizure, further proceedings shall be initiated in accordance with the provisions of section 130:

Provided that where the detained or seized goods are perishable or hazardous in nature or are likely to depreciate in value with passage of time, the said period of seven days may be reduced by the proper officer.

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