Section 162 of Income Tax Act for AY 2023-24

Amended and updated notes on section 162 of Income Tax Act 1961 as amended by the Finance Act 2022 and Income-tax Rules, 1962. Detail discussion on provisions and rules related to Right of representative assessee to recover tax paid.

Amended and updated notes on section 162 of Income Tax Act 1961 as amended by the Finance Act 2022 and Income-tax Rules, 1962. Detail discussion on provisions and rules related to Right of representative assessee to recover tax paid.

Chapter XV (Sections 159 to 180A) of the Income Tax Act 1961 deals with the provisions related to liability in special cases. Section 162 of IT Act 1961 provides for Right of representative assessee to recover tax paid.

Recently, we have discussed in detail section 161 (Liability of representative assessee) of IT Act 1961. Today, we learn the provisions of section 162 of Income-tax Act 1961. The amended provision of section 162 is effective for financial year 2022-23 relevant to the assessment year 2023-24.

In this article, you will learn detail of the provisions of section 162 of the Income Tax Act, 1961 Bare Act read with the Income-tax Rules, 1962 as provided by Ministry of Law and Justice, Government of India.

Section-162: Right of representative assessee to recover tax paid

Section 162(1) of Income Tax Act

Every representative assessee who, as such, pays any sum under this Act, shall be entitled to recover the sum so paid from the person on whose behalf it is paid, or to retain out of any moneys that may be in his possession or may come to him in his representative capacity, an amount equal to the sum so paid.

Section 162(2) of Income Tax Act

Any representative assessee, or any person who apprehends that he may be assessed as a representative assessee, may retain out of any money payable by him to the person on whose behalf he is liable to pay tax (hereinafter in this section referred to as the principal), a sum equal to his estimated liability under this Chapter, and in the event of any disagreement between the principal and such representative assessee or person as to the amount to be so retained, such representative assessee or person may secure from the Assessing Officer a certificate stating the amount to be so retained pending final settlement of the liability, and the certificate so obtained shall be his warrant for retaining that amount.

Section 162(3) of Income Tax Act

The amount recoverable from such representative assessee or person at the time of final settlement shall not exceed the amount specified in such certificate, except to the extent to which such representative assessee or person may at such time have in his hands additional assets of the principal.


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