Section 159 of Income Tax Act for AY 2023-24

Section 159 of Income Tax Act 1961 amended by Finance Act 2022 and Income-tax Rules. Provisions and rules related to Legal representatives.

Amended and updated notes on section 159 of Income Tax Act 1961 as amended by the Finance Act 2022 and Income-tax Rules, 1962. Detail discussion on provisions and rules related to Legal representatives.

Chapter XV (Sections 159 to 180A) of the Income Tax Act 1961 deals with the provisions related to liability in special cases. Section 159 of IT Act 1961 provides for legal representatives.

Recently, we have discussed in detail section 158BI (Chapter-XIVB not to apply after certain date) of IT Act 1961. Today, we learn the provisions of section 159 of Income-tax Act 1961. The amended provision of section 159 is effective for financial year 2022-23 relevant to the assessment year 2023-24.

In this article, you will learn detail of the provisions of section 159 of the Income Tax Act, 1961 Bare Act read with the Income-tax Rules, 1962 as provided by Ministry of Law and Justice, Government of India.

Section 159(1) of Income Tax Act

Where a person dies, his legal representative shall be liable to pay any sum which the deceased would have been liable to pay if he had not died, in the like manner and to the same extent as the deceased.

Section 159(2) of Income Tax Act

For the purpose of making an assessment (including an assessment, reassessment or recomputation under section 147) of the income of the deceased and for the purpose of levying any sum in the hands of the legal representative in accordance with the provisions of sub-section (1),—

  • (a) any proceeding taken against the deceased before his death shall be deemed to have been taken against the legal representative and may be continued against the legal representative from the stage at which it stood on the date of the death of the deceased;
  • (b) any proceeding which could have been taken against the deceased if he had survived, may be taken against the legal representative; and
  • (c) all the provisions of this Act shall apply accordingly.

Section 159(3) of Income Tax Act

The legal representative of the deceased shall, for the purposes of this Act, be deemed to be an assessee.

Section 159(4) of Income Tax Act

Every legal representative shall be personally liable for any tax payable by him in his capacity as legal representative if, while his liability for tax remains undischarged, he creates a charge on or disposes of or parts with any assets of the estate of the deceased, which are in, or may come into, his possession, but such liability shall be limited to the value of the asset so charged, disposed of or parted with.

Section 159(5) of Income Tax Act

The provisions of sub-section (2) of section 161, section 162, and section 167, shall, so far as may be and to the extent to which they are not inconsistent with the provisions of this section, apply in relation to a legal representative.

Section 159(6) of Income Tax Act

The liability of a legal representative under this section shall, subject to the provisions of sub-section (4) and sub-section (5), be limited to the extent to which the estate is capable of meeting the liability.


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