Section 245H of Income Tax Act for AY 2023-24

Section 245H of Income Tax Act 1961 amended by Finance Act. Power of Settlement Commission to grant immunity from prosecution and penalty.

Amended and updated notes on section 245H of Income Tax Act 1961 as amended by the Finance Act 2022 and Income-tax Rules, 1962. Detail discussion on provisions and rules related to Power of Settlement Commission to grant immunity from prosecution and penalty.

Chapter XIXA (Sections 245A to 245L) of the Income Tax Act 1961 deals with the provisions related to settlement of cases. Section 245H of IT Act 1961 provides for Power of Settlement Commission to grant immunity from prosecution and penalty.

Recently, we have discussed in detail section 245G (Inspection, etc., of reports) of IT Act 1961. Today, we learn the provisions of section 245H of Income-tax Act 1961. The amended provision of section 245H is effective for financial year 2022-23 relevant to the assessment year 2023-24.

In this article, you will learn detail of the provisions of section 245H of the Income Tax Act, 1961 Bare Act read with the Income-tax Rules, 1962 as provided by Ministry of Law and Justice, Government of India.

Section-245H: Power of Settlement Commission to grant immunity from prosecution and penalty

Section 245H(1) of Income Tax Act

The Settlement Commission may, if it is satisfied that any person who made the application for settlement under section 245C has co-operated with the Settlement Commission in the proceedings before it and has made a full and true disclosure of his income and the manner in which such income has been derived, grant to such person, subject to such conditions as it may think fit to impose for the reasons to be recorded in writing, immunity from prosecution for any offence under this Act or under the Indian Penal Code (45 of 1860) or under any other Central Act for the time being in force and also (either wholly or in part) from the imposition of any penalty under this Act, with respect to the case covered by the settlement :

Provided that no such immunity shall be granted by the Settlement Commission in cases where the proceedings for the prosecution for any such offence have been instituted before the date of receipt of the application under section 245C:

Provided further that the Settlement Commission shall not grant immunity from prosecution for any offence under the Indian Penal Code (45 of 1860) or under any Central Act other than this Act and the Wealth-tax Act, 1957 (27 of 1957) to a person who makes an application under section 245C on or after the 1st day of June, 2007.

Section 245H(1A) of Income Tax Act

An immunity granted to a person under sub-section (1) shall stand withdrawn if such person fails to pay any sum specified in the order of settlement passed under sub-section (4) of section 245D within the time specified in such order or within such further time as may be allowed by the Settlement Commission, or fails to comply with any other condition subject to which the immunity was granted and thereupon the provisions of this Act shall apply as if such immunity had not been granted.

Section 245H(2) of Income Tax Act

An immunity granted to a person under sub-section (1) may, at any time, be withdrawn by the Settlement Commission, if it is satisfied that such person had, in the course of the settlement proceedings, concealed any particulars material to the settlement or had given false evidence, and thereupon such person may be tried for the offence with respect to which the immunity was granted or for any other offence of which he appears to have been guilty in connection with the settlement and shall also become liable to the imposition of any penalty under this Act to which such person would have been liable, had not such immunity been granted.

Section 245H(3) of Income Tax Act

On and from the 1st day of February, 2021, the power of the Settlement Commission under this section shall be exercised by the Interim Board and the provisions of this section shall mutatis mutandis apply to the Interim Board as they apply to the Settlement Commission.

[Sub-section(3) of section 245H newly inserted w.e.f. 1-February-2021 by the Finance Act 2021]

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