Section 249 of Income Tax Act for AY 2023-24

Section 249 of Income Tax Act 1961 as amended by the Finance Act 2022 and Income-tax Rules, 1962. Form of appeal and limitation.

Amended and updated notes on section 249 of Income Tax Act 1961 as amended by the Finance Act 2022 and Income-tax Rules, 1962. Detail discussion on provisions and rules related to Form of appeal and limitation.

Chapter XX (Sections 246 to 269) of the Income Tax Act 1961 deals with the provisions related to appeals and revision . Section 249 of IT Act 1961 provides for Form of appeal and limitation.

Recently, we have discussed in detail section 248 (Appeal by a person denying liability to deduct tax in certain cases) of IT Act 1961. Today, we learn the provisions of section 249 of Income-tax Act 1961. The amended provision of section 249 is effective for financial year 2022-23 relevant to the assessment year 2023-24.

In this article, you will learn detail of the provisions of section 249 of the Income Tax Act, 1961 Bare Act read with the Income-tax Rules, 1962 as provided by Ministry of Law and Justice, Government of India.

Section-249: Form of appeal and limitation

Section 249(1) of Income Tax Act

Every appeal under this Chapter shall be in the prescribed form and shall be verified in the prescribed manner and shall, in case of an appeal made to the Commissioner (Appeals) on or after the 1st day of October, 1998, irrespective of the date of initiation of the assessment proceedings relating thereto be accompanied by a fee of,—

  • (i) where the total income of the assessee as computed by the Assessing Officer in the case to which the appeal relates is one hundred thousand rupees or less, two hundred fifty rupees;
  • (ii) where the total income of the assessee, computed as aforesaid, in the case to which the appeal relates is more than one hundred thousand rupees but not more than two hundred thousand rupees, five hundred rupees;
  • (iii) where the total income of the assessee, computed as aforesaid, in the case to which the appeal relates is more than two hundred thousand rupees, one thousand rupees;
  • (iv) where the subject matter of an appeal is not covered under clauses (i), (ii) and (iii), two hundred fifty rupees.

Section 249(2) of Income Tax Act

The appeal shall be presented within thirty days of the following date, that is to say,—

  • (a) where the appeal is under section 248, the date of payment of the tax, or
  • (b) where the appeal relates to any assessment or penalty, the date of service of the notice of demand relating to the assessment or penalty:

Provided that, where an application has been made under section 146 for reopening an assessment, the period from the date on which the application is made to the date on which the order passed on the application is served on the assessee shall be excluded :

Provided further that where an application has been made under sub-section (1) of section 270AA, the period beginning from the date on which the application is made, to the date on which the order rejecting the application is served on the assessee, shall be excluded, or

  • (c) in any other case, the date on which intimation of the order sought to be appealed against is served.

Section 249(2A) of Income Tax Act

Notwithstanding anything contained in sub-section (2), where an order has been made under section 201 on or after the 1st day of October, 1998 but before the 1st day of June, 2000 and the assessee in default has not presented any appeal within the time specified in that sub-section, he may present such appeal before the 1st day of July, 2000.

Section 249(3) of Income Tax Act

The Commissioner (Appeals) may admit an appeal after the expiration of the said period if he is satisfied that the appellant had sufficient cause for not presenting it within that period.

Section 249(4) of Income Tax Act

No appeal under this Chapter shall be admitted unless at the time of filing of the appeal,—

  • (a) where a return has been filed by the assessee, the assessee has paid the tax due on the income returned by him; or
  • (b) where no return has been filed by the assessee, the assessee has paid an amount equal to the amount of advance tax which was payable by him:

Provided that, in a case falling under clause (b) and on an application made by the appellant in this behalf, the Commissioner (Appeals) may, for any good and sufficient reason to be recorded in writing, exempt him from the operation of the provisions of that clause.


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