Section 252 of Income Tax Act for AY 2023-24

Section 252 of Income Tax Act 1961 amended by Finance Act 2022 and Income-tax Rules 1962. Provisions and rules related to Appellate Tribunal.

Amended and updated notes on section 252 of Income Tax Act 1961 as amended by the Finance Act 2022 and Income-tax Rules, 1962. Detail discussion on provisions and rules related to Appellate Tribunal.

Chapter XX (Sections 246 to 269) of the Income Tax Act 1961 deals with the provisions related to appeals and revision . Section 252 of IT Act 1961 provides for Appellate Tribunal.

Recently, we have discussed in detail section 251 (Powers of the Commissioner (Appeals)) of IT Act 1961. Today, we learn the provisions of section 252 of Income-tax Act 1961. The amended provision of section 252 is effective for financial year 2022-23 relevant to the assessment year 2023-24.

In this article, you will learn detail of the provisions of section 252 of the Income Tax Act, 1961 Bare Act read with the Income-tax Rules, 1962 as provided by Ministry of Law and Justice, Government of India.

Section-252: Appellate Tribunal

Section 252(1) of Income Tax Act

The Central Government shall constitute an Appellate Tribunal consisting of as many judicial and accountant members as it thinks fit to exercise the powers and discharge the functions conferred on the Appellate Tribunal by this Act.

Section 252(2) of Income Tax Act

A judicial member shall be a person who has for at least ten years held a judicial office in the territory of India or who has been a member of the Indian Legal Service and has held a post in Grade II of that Service or any equivalent or higher post for at least three years or who has been an advocate for at least ten years.

Explanation: For the purposes of this sub-section,—

  • (i) in computing the period during which a person has held judicial office in the territory of India, there shall be included any period, after he has held any judicial office, during which the person has been an advocate or has held the office of a member of a Tribunal or any post, under the Union or a State, requiring special knowledge of law;
  • (ii) in computing the period during which a person has been an advocate, there shall be included any period during which the person has held judicial office or the office of a member of a Tribunal or any post, under the Union or a State, requiring special knowledge of law after he became an advocate.

Section 252(2A) of Income Tax Act

An accountant member shall be a person who has for at least ten years been in the practice of accountancy as a chartered accountant under the Chartered Accountants Act, 1949 (38 of 1949), or as a registered accountant under any law formerly in force or partly as a registered accountant and partly as a chartered accountant, or who has been a member of the Indian Income-tax Service, Group A and has held the post of Additional Commissioner of Income-tax or any equivalent or higher post for at least three years.

Section 252(3) of Income Tax Act

The Central Government shall appoint—

  • (a) a person who is a sitting or retired Judge of a High Court and who has completed not less than seven years of service as a Judge in a High Court; or
  • (b) one of the Vice-Presidents of the Appellate Tribunal,

to be the President thereof.

Section 252(4) of Income Tax Act

The Central Government may appoint one or more members of the Appellate Tribunal to be the Vice-President or, as the case may be, Vice-Presidents thereof.

Section 252(5) of Income Tax Act

The Vice-President shall exercise such of the powers and perform such of the functions of the President as may be delegated to him by the President by a general or special order in writing.

Notification No. F. No. A-12023(1)/15/2016- Admn.III (LA): In exercise of the powers conferred by section 252 of the Income Tax Act, 1961 (43 of 1961), the Central Government is pleased to appoint Shri G. S. Pannu, Vice-President of the Income Tax Appellate Tribunal, as President of the Tribunal in officiating capacity with effect from the forenoon of 6th September, 2021, till the regular President is appointed or until further orders, whichever is earlier.


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