Section 278 of Income Tax Act for AY 2023-24

Section 278 of Income Tax Act 1961 as amended by the Finance Act 2022 and Income-tax Rules, 1962. Abetment of false return, etc.

Amended and updated notes on section 278 of Income Tax Act 1961 as amended by the Finance Act 2022 and Income-tax Rules, 1962. Detail discussion on provisions and rules related to Abetment of false return, etc.

Chapter XXII (Sections 275A to 280D) of the Income Tax Act 1961 deals with the provisions related to offences and prosecutions. Section 278 of IT Act 1961 provides for Abetment of false return, etc.

Recently, we have discussed in detail section 277A (Falsification of books of account or document, etc.) of IT Act 1961. Today, we learn the provisions of section 278 of Income-tax Act 1961. The amended provision of section 278 is effective for financial year 2022-23 relevant to the assessment year 2023-24.

In this article, you will learn detail of the provisions of section 278 of the Income Tax Act, 1961 Bare Act read with the Income-tax Rules, 1962 as provided by Ministry of Law and Justice, Government of India.

Section-278: Abetment of false return

If a person abets or induces in any manner another person to make and deliver an account or a statement or declaration relating to any income or any fringe benefits chargeable to tax which is false and which he either knows to be false or does not believe to be true or to commit an offence under sub-section (1) of section 276C, he shall be punishable,—

(i) in a case where the amount of tax, penalty or interest which would have been evaded, if the declaration, account or statement had been accepted as true, or which is wilfully attempted to be evaded, exceeds twenty-five hundred thousand rupees, with rigorous imprisonment for a term which shall not be less than six months but which may extend to seven years and with fine;

(ii) in any other case, with rigorous imprisonment for a term which shall not be less than three months but which may extend to two years and with fine.


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