Section 278D of Income Tax Act for AY 2023-24

Section 278D of Income Tax Act 1961 amended by Finance Act 2022 and Income-tax Rules, 1962. Presumption as to assets, books of account.

Amended and updated notes on section 278D of Income Tax Act 1961 as amended by the Finance Act 2022 and Income-tax Rules, 1962. Detail discussion on provisions and rules related to Presumption as to assets, books of account, etc., in certain cases.

Chapter XXII (Sections 275A to 280D) of the Income Tax Act 1961 deals with the provisions related to offences and prosecutions. Section 278D of IT Act 1961 provides for Presumption as to assets, books of account, etc., in certain cases.

Recently, we have discussed in detail section 278C (Offences by Hindu undivided families) of IT Act 1961. Today, we learn the provisions of section 278D of Income-tax Act 1961. The amended provision of section 278D is effective for financial year 2020-21 relevant to the assessment year 2021-22.

In this article, you will learn detail of the provisions of section 278D of the Income Tax Act, 1961 Bare Act read with the Income-tax Rules, 1962 as provided by Ministry of Law and Justice, Government of India.

Section-278D: Presumption as to assets, books of account, etc., in certain cases

Section 278D(1) of Income Tax Act

Where during the course of any search made under section 132, any money, bullion, jewellery or other valuable article or thing (hereafter in this section referred to as the assets) or any books of account or other documents has or have been found in the possession or control of any person and such assets or books of account or other documents are tendered by the prosecution in evidence against such person or against such person and the person referred to in section 278 for an offence under this Act, the provisions of sub-section (4A) of section 132 shall, so far as may be, apply in relation to such assets or books of account or other documents.

Section 278D(2) of Income Tax Act

Where any assets or books of account or other documents taken into custody, from the possession or control of any person, by the officer or authority referred to in clause (a) or clause (b) or clause (c), as the case may be, of sub-section (1) of section 132A are delivered to the requisitioning officer under sub-section (2) of that section and such assets, books of account or other documents are tendered by the prosecution in evidence against such person or against such person and the person referred to in section 278 for an offence under this Act, the provisions of sub-section (4A) of section 132 shall, so far as may be, apply in relation to such assets or books of account or other documents.


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