Section 32AD of Income Tax Act for AY 2023-24

Section 32AD of Income Tax Act amended by Finance Act. Investment in new plant or machinery in notified backward areas in certain States.

Amended and updated notes on section 32AD of Income Tax Act 1961 as amended by the Finance Act 2022 and Income-tax Rules, 1962. Detail discussion on provisions and rules related to investment in new plant or machinery in notified backward areas in certain States.

Chapter IV (Sections 14 to 59) of the Income Tax Act 1961 deals with the provisions related to computation of total income. Section 32AD of IT Act 1961-2023 provides for investment in new plant or machinery in notified backward areas in certain States.

Recently, we have discussed in detail section 32AC (investment in new plant or machinery) of IT Act 1961. Today, we learn the provisions of section 32AD of Income-tax Act 1961. The amended provision of section 32AD is effective for financial year 2022-23 relevant to the assessment year 2023-24.

In this article, you will learn detail of the provisions of section 32AD of the Income Tax Act, 1961 Bare Act read with the Income-tax Rules, 1962, regulations, notifications, circulars, orders and Press Release by CBDT, Income Tax Department and the Ministry of Law and Justice, Government of India.

Section-32AD: Investment in new plant or machinery in notified backward areas in certain States

Section 32AD(1) of Income Tax Act

Where an assessee, sets up an undertaking or enterprise for manufacture or production of any article or thing, on or after the 1st day of April, 2015 in any backward area notified by the Central Government in this behalf, in the State of Andhra Pradesh or in the State of Bihar or in the State of Telangana or in the State of West Bengal, and acquires and installs any new asset for the purposes of the said undertaking or enterprise during the period beginning on the 1st day of April, 2015 and ending before the 1st day of April, 2020 in the said backward area, then, there shall be allowed a deduction of a sum equal to fifteen per cent of the actual cost of such new asset for the assessment year relevant to the previous year in which such new asset is installed.

Section 32AD(2) of Income Tax Act

If any new asset acquired and installed by the assessee is sold or otherwise transferred, except in connection with the amalgamation or demerger or re-organisation of business referred to in clause (xiii) or clause (xiiib) or clause (xiv) of section 47, within a period of five years from the date of its installation, the amount of deduction allowed under sub-section (1) in respect of such new asset shall be deemed to be the income of the assessee chargeable under the head “Profits and gains of business or profession” of the previous year in which such new asset is sold or otherwise transferred, in addition to taxability of gains, arising on account of transfer of such new asset.

Section 32AD(3) of Income Tax Act

Where the new asset is sold or otherwise transferred in connection with the amalgamation or demerger or re-organisation of business referred to in clause (xiii) or clause (xiiib) or clause (xiv) of section 47 within a period of five years from the date of its installation, the provisions of sub-section (2) shall apply to the amalgamated company or the resulting company or the successor referred to in clause (xiii) or clause (xiiib) or clause (xiv) of section 47, as the case may be, as they would have applied to the amalgamating company or the demerged company or the predecessor referred to in clause (xiii) or clause (xiiib) or clause (xiv) of section 47.

Section 32AD(4) of Income Tax Act

For the purposes of this section, “new asset” means any new plant or machinery (other than a ship or aircraft) but does not include—

  • (a) any plant or machinery, which before its installation by the assessee, was used either within or outside India by any other person;
  • (b) any plant or machinery installed in any office premises or any residential accommodation, including accommodation in the nature of a guest house;
  • (c) any office appliances including computers or computer software;
  • (d) any vehicle; or
  • (e) any plant or machinery, the whole of the actual cost of which is allowed as deduction (whether by way of depreciation or otherwise) in computing the income chargeable under the head “Profits and gains of business or profession” of any previous year.


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