Section 44AF of Income Tax Act for AY 2023-24

Section 44AF of Income Tax Act 1961 amended by Finance Act 2022 and Income-tax Rules, 1962. Computing profits and gains of retail business.

Amended and updated notes on section 44AF of Income Tax Act 1961 as amended by the Finance Act 2022 and Income-tax Rules, 1962. Detail discussion on provisions and rules related to special provisions for computing profits and gains of retail business.

Chapter IV (Sections 14 to 59) of the Income Tax Act 1961 deals with the provisions related to computation of total income. Section 44AF of IT Act 1961-2023 provides for special provisions for computing profits and gains of retail business.

Recently, we have discussed in detail section 44AE (special provision for computing profits and gains of business of plying, hiring or leasing goods carriages) of IT Act 1961. Today, we learn the provisions of section 44AF of Income-tax Act 1961. The amended provision of section 44AF is effective for financial year 2022-23 relevant to the assessment year 2023-24.

In this article, you will learn detail of the provisions of section 44AF of the Income Tax Act, 1961 Bare Act read with the Income-tax Rules, 1962, regulations, notifications, circulars, orders and Press Release by CBDT, Income Tax Department and the Ministry of Law and Justice, Government of India.

Section-44AF: Special provisions for computing profits and gains of retail business

Section 44AF(1) of Income Tax Act

Notwithstanding anything to the contrary contained in sections 28 to 43C, in the case of an assessee engaged in retail trade in any goods or merchandise, a sum equal to five per cent of the total turnover in the previous year on account of such business or, as the case may be, a sum higher than the aforesaid sum as declared by the assessee in his return of income shall be deemed to be the profits and gains of such business chargeable to tax under the head “Profits and gains of business or profession” :

Provided that nothing contained in this sub-section shall apply in respect of an assessee whose total turnover exceeds an amount of forty lakh rupees in the previous year.

Section 44AF(2) of Income Tax Act

Any deduction allowable under the provisions of sections 30 to 38 shall, for the purposes of sub-section (1), be deemed to have been already given full effect to and no further deduction under those sections shall be allowed :

Provided that where the assessee is a firm, the salary and interest paid to its partners shall be deducted from the income computed under sub-section (1) subject to the conditions and limits specified in clause (b) of section 40.

Section 44AF(3) of Income Tax Act

The written down value of any asset used for the purpose of the business referred to in sub-section (1) shall be deemed to have been calculated as if the assessee had claimed and had been actually allowed the deduction in respect of the depreciation for each of the relevant assessment years.

Section 44AF(4) of Income Tax Act

The provisions of sections 44AA and 44AB shall not apply in so far as they relate to the business referred to in sub-section (1) and in computing the monetary limits under those sections, the total turnover or, as the case may be, the income from the said business shall be excluded.

Section 44AF(5) of Income Tax Act

Notwithstanding anything contained in the foregoing provisions of this section, an assessee may claim lower profits and gains than the profits and gains specified in sub-section (1), if he keeps and maintains such books of account and other documents as required under sub-section (2) of section 44AA and gets his accounts audited and furnishes a report of such audit as required under section 44AB.

Section 44AF(6) of Income Tax Act

Nothing contained in this section shall apply to any assessment year beginning on or after the 1st day of April, 2011.


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