Section 6 of Income Tax Act for AY 2023-24

Amended and updated notes on Residence in India section 6 of Income Tax Act 1961 as amended by Finance Act 2022 and Income-tax Rules, 1962.

Amended and updated notes on section 6 of Income Tax Act 1961 as amended by the Finance Act 2022 and Income-tax Rules, 1962. Detail discussion on provisions and rules related to Residence in India.

Chapter II (Sections 4 to 9A) of the Income Tax Act 1961 deals with the provisions related to basis of charge. Section 6 of IT Act 1961-2020 provides for residence in India.

Recently, we have discussed in detail section 5A (Apportionment of income between spouses governed by Portuguese Civil Code) of IT Act 1961. Today, we learn the provisions of section 6 of Income-tax Act 1961. The amended provision of section 6 is effective for financial year 2022-23 relevant to the assessment year 2023-24.

In this article, you will learn detail of the provisions of section 6 of the Income Tax Act, 1961 Bare Act read with the Income-tax Rules, 1962 as provided by Ministry of Law and Justice, Government of India.

Section-6: Residence in India

For the purposes of this Act,—

Clause (1) of Section 6 of Income Tax Act

An individual is said to be resident in India in any previous year, if he—

  • (a) is in India in that year for a period or periods amounting in all to one hundred and eighty-two days or more; or
  • (b) [Omitted]
  • (c) having within the four years preceding that year been in India for a period or periods amounting in all to three hundred and sixty-five days or more, is in India for a period or periods amounting in all to sixty days or more in that year.

Explanation-1: In the case of an individual,—

(a) being a citizen of India, who leaves India in any previous year as a member of the crew of an Indian ship as defined in clause (18) of section 3 of the Merchant Shipping Act, 1958 (44 of 1958), or for the purposes of employment outside India, the provisions of sub-clause (c) shall apply in relation to that year as if for the words “sixty days”, occurring therein, the words “one hundred and eighty-two days” had been substituted;

(b) being a citizen of India, or a person of Indian origin within the meaning of Explanation to clause (e) of section 115C, who, being outside India, comes on a visit to India in any previous year, the provisions of sub-clause (c) shall apply in relation to that year as if for the words “sixty days”, occurring therein, the words “one hundred and eighty-two days” had been substituted and in case of the citizen or person of Indian origin the citizen or person of Indian origin having total income, other than the income from foreign sources, exceeding fifteen lakh rupees during the previous year, for the words “sixty days” occurring therein, the words “one hundred and twenty days” had been substituted.

[Clause(b) in Explanation-1 of clause(1) of section 6 has been amended (substituted) w.e.f. 1st April, 2021 by the Finance Act 2020]

Explanation-2: For the purposes of this clause, in the case of an individual, being a citizen of India and a member of the crew of a foreign bound ship leaving India, the period or periods of stay in India shall, in respect of such voyage, be determined in the manner and subject to such conditions as may be prescribed.

Clause (1A) of Section 6 of Income Tax Act

Notwithstanding anything contained in clause (1), an individual, being a citizen of India, having total income, other than the income from foreign sources, exceeding fifteen lakh rupees during the previous year shall be deemed to be resident in India in that previous year, if he is not liable to tax in any other country or territory by reason of his domicile or residence or any other criteria of similar nature.

[Clause (1A) of section 6 has been newly inserted w.e.f. 1st April, 2021 by the Finance Act, 2020]

Explanation: For the removal of doubts, it is hereby declared that this clause shall not apply in case of an individual who is said to be resident in India in the previous year under clause (1).

[Explanation to Clause (1A) of section 6 shall be inserted w.e.f. 01.04.2021 by the Taxation and Other Laws (Relaxation and Amendment of Certain Provisions) Act, 2020]

Clause (2) of Section 6 of Income Tax Act

A Hindu undivided family, firm or other association of persons is said to be resident in India in any previous year in every case except where during that year the control and management of its affairs is situated wholly outside India.

Clause (3) of Section 6 of Income Tax Act

A company is said to be a resident in India in any previous year, if—

  • (i) it is an Indian company; or
  • (ii) its place of effective management, in that year, is in India.

Explanation: For the purposes of this clause “place of effective management” means a place where key management and commercial decisions that are necessary for the conduct of business of an entity as a whole are, in substance made.

Clause (4) of Section 6 of Income Tax Act

Every other person is said to be resident in India in any previous year in every case, except where during that year the control and management of his affairs is situated wholly outside India.

Clause (5) of Section 6 of Income Tax Act

If a person is resident in India in a previous year relevant to an assessment year in respect of any source of income, he shall be deemed to be resident in India in the previous year relevant to the assessment year in respect of each of his other sources of income.

Clause (6) of Section 6 of Income Tax Act

A person is said to be “not ordinarily resident” in India in any previous year if such person is—

(a) an individual who has been a non-resident in India in nine out of the ten previous years preceding that year, or has during the seven previous years preceding that year been in India for a period of, or periods amounting in all to, seven hundred and twenty-nine days or less; or

(b) a Hindu undivided family whose manager has been a non-resident in India in nine out of the ten previous years preceding that year, or has during the seven previous years preceding that year been in India for a period of, or periods amounting in all to, seven hundred and twenty-nine days or less; or

(c) a citizen of India, or a person of Indian origin, having total income, other than the income from foreign sources, exceeding fifteen lakh rupees during the previous year, as referred to in clause (b) of Explanation-1 to clause (1), who has been in India for a period or periods amounting in all to one hundred and twenty days or more but less than one hundred and eighty-two days; or

(d) a citizen of India who is deemed to be resident in India under clause (1A).

Explanation: For the purposes of this section, the expression “income from foreign sources” means income which accrues or arises outside India (except income derived from a business controlled in or a profession set up in India) and which is not deemed to accrue or arise in India.

[The above Explanation to section 6 shall be amended w.e.f. 01.04.2021 by the Taxation and Other Laws (Relaxation and Amendment of Certain Provisions) Act, 2020]

[Sub-clauses (c) and (d) of clause(6) and explanation of section 6 has been newly inserted w.e.f. 1st April, 2021 by the Finance Act 2020]


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