Section 71 of Income Tax Act for AY 2023-24

Section 71 of Income Tax Act 1961 amended by Finance Act 2022 & Income-tax Rules. Set off of loss from one head against income from another.

Amended and updated notes on section 71 of Income Tax Act 1961 as amended by the Finance Act 2022 and Income-tax Rules, 1962. Detail discussion on provisions and rules related to set off of loss from one head against income from another.

Chapter VI (Sections 66 to 80) of the Income Tax Act 1961 deals with the provisions related to aggregation of income and set off or carry forward of loss. Section 71 of IT Act 1961-2023 provides for set off of loss from one head against income from another.

Recently, we have discussed in detail section 70 (set off of loss from one source against income from another source under the same head of income) of IT Act 1961. Today, we learn the provisions of section 71 of Income-tax Act 1961. The amended provision of section 71 is effective for financial year 2022-23 relevant to the assessment year 2023-24.

In this article, you will learn detail of the provisions of section 71 of the Income Tax Act, 1961 Bare Act read with the Income-tax Rules, 1962, regulations, notifications, circulars, orders and Press Release by CBDT, Income Tax Department and the Ministry of Law and Justice, Government of India.

Section-71: Set off of loss from one head against income from another

Section 71(1) of Income Tax Act

Where in respect of any assessment year the net result of the computation under any head of income, other than “Capital gains”, is a loss and the assessee has no income under the head “Capital gains”, he shall, subject to the provisions of this Chapter, be entitled to have the amount of such loss set off against his income, if any, assessable for that assessment year under any other head.

Section 71(2) of Income Tax Act

Where in respect of any assessment year, the net result of the computation under any head of income, other than “Capital gains”, is a loss and the assessee has income assessable under the head “Capital gains”, such loss may, subject to the provisions of this Chapter, be set off against his income, if any, assessable for that assessment year under any head of income including the head “Capital gains” (whether relating to short-term capital assets or any other capital assets).

Section 71(2A) of Income Tax Act

Notwithstanding anything contained in sub-section (1) or sub-section (2), where in respect of any assessment year, the net result of the computation under the head “Profits and gains of business or profession” is a loss and the assessee has income assessable under the head “Salaries”, the assessee shall not be entitled to have such loss set off against such income.

Section 71(3) of Income Tax Act

Where in respect of any assessment year, the net result of the computation under the head “Capital gains” is a loss and the assessee has income assessable under any other head of income, the assessee shall not be entitled to have such loss set off against income under the other head.

Section 71(3A) of Income Tax Act

Notwithstanding anything contained in sub-section (1) or sub-section (2), where in respect of any assessment year, the net result of the computation under the head “Income from house property” is a loss and the assessee has income assessable under any other head of income, the assessee shall not be entitled to set off such loss, to the extent the amount of the loss exceeds two lakh rupees, against income under the other head.

Section 71(4) of Income Tax Act

Where the net result of the computation under the head “Income from house property” is a loss, in respect of the assessment years commencing on the 1st day of April, 1995 and the 1st day of April, 1996, such loss shall be first set off under sub-sections (1) and (2) and thereafter the loss referred to in section 71A shall be set off in the relevant assessment year in accordance with the provisions of that section.


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