CBSE Syllabus 2024-25 for Class 12 – Download Senior Secondary School Syllabus

Senior Secondary Curriculum (XI-XII) for Academic Year 2024-25. CBSE Syllabus for Class 12 download PDF Senior Secondary School Syllabus of all subjects.

CBSE Class 12 Syllabus 2024-25: The Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) annually provides curriculum for class XI and Class XII. Download Class 12 academic content, syllabus 2024-25 for examinations with learning outcomes, pedagogical practices and assessment guidelines.

The curriculum provided by CBSE Board is based on National Education Policy 2020 and seeks to provide opportunities for students to achieve excellence in learning. The curriculum of CBSE Board Class 10+2 refers to the lessons and educational content to be taught to a learner in a Senior Secondary School.

In empirical terms, the term “Curriculum” may be regarded as the sum total of a planned set of educational experiences provided to a learner by a school. CBSE Date Sheet 2024 Class-12.

It encompasses general objectives of learning, competencies to be attained, courses of study, subject-wise learning outcomes and content, pedagogical practices and assessment guidelines.

Subjects to be offered in Senior Secondary School Syllabus

Class XI and XII is a composite course. Students need to take only those subjects in class XI which he/she intends to continue in class-XII. Students can offer a minimum of 5 or more subjects in class XI. They need to continue the same subjects in class XII.

Therefore, the new CBSE syllabus 2024, Class 10 and Class 12 syllabi have not been divided into two terms, hinting the system has been discontinued. The CBSE curriculum 2024-25 can be downloaded through the official website www.cbseacademic.nic.

SubjectName of Subjects
Subject-1 (Compulsory)Hindi Elective or Hindi Core or English
Elective or English Core
Subject-2 (Compulsory)Any one Language from Group-L not opted as Subject-1; OR
Any one Elective from the Group-A
Subject-3, Subject-4 and Subject-5 (Compulsory)Any three electives either from Group-A Or Group-S OR Any three from Combination of Group-A and Group-S
Subject-6 (Optional)Any one elective or Language from any subject group not opted as subjects 1-5
Subjects of Internal Assessment:

Subject 7 to 9 (to be taken by all Regular Candidates)
Work Experience Health and Physical Education General Studies

(Work experience is subsumed in Health and Physical Education)
All Subjects of Class XI-XII in CBSE Syllabus 2024-25

a) Hindi or English must be one of the two languages to be studied in class XI and XII. Hindi and English can also be offered simultaneously.

In Hindi and English, two courses have been provided for class XI and XII keeping in view the varying backgrounds of the students and a student may either opt Hindi Elective (Code 002) or Hindi Core (Code 302) and English Elective (Code-001) or English Core (Code-301). However, the same language cannot be offered both at Core and Elective levels.

In addition to above, the following combinations cannot be taken together;

  • Business Studies (Code 054) and Business Administration (Code 833)
  • Out of three Computer Science/IT related subjects i.e. Informatics Practices (065), Computer Science (Code 083), and Information Technology (Code 802), a candidate can opt only for one subject.
  • Mathematics (Code 041) and Applied Mathematics (Code 241)

b) The first 5 subjects in the chronological order of filling the subjects in the online registration system/ Mark Sheet are considered as Main subjects.

c) A candidate can also offer an additional elective which may either be a language at elective level or, any other elective subject.

d) While transacting the Curriculum, due emphasis should be laid on National Identity, 21st Century Skills and Values Education. Schools are expected to draw their own programmes in this area in accordance with the guidelines given from time to time by the CBSE Board. Likewise, programmes in General Studies and Health and Physical Education be planned in accordance with the guidelines brought out by the Board.

e) For candidates who take 6 subjects (5 main and 1 additional subject) and pass in all 6 subjects, the percentage is to be calculated by the employer/ institution/ university according to the norms of employer/ institution/ university in which the candidate will be seeking admission.

f) If a student has taken 6th subjects, and if he/she fails in any one of first five subjects, the same will be replaced by the 6th subject provided the candidate satisfies the scheme of studies i.e. after replacement either Hindi or English remains as one of the main five subjects.

g) Skill electives can be offered along with any subject, as per the scheme of studies.

h) Board is extending several exemptions/concessions to candidates with disabilities as defined in the “THE RIGHTS OF PERSONS WITH DISABILITIES ACT 2016”. Exemptions/Concessions extended to Persons with Benchmark Disabilities for Class X & XII Examinations conducted by the Board and the Standard Operating Procedure for availing these concessions are available on: https://www.cbse.gov.in/cbsenew/Examination_Circular/2019/5_CIRCULAR.pdf Schools and candidates may also refer to the circulars issued by the Board from time to time on this matter.

i) For Regional Languages, the Board prescribes the textbooks being followed in classes XI and XII in the respective State Boards where the language is taught. Schools are also advised to bring to the notice of CBSE the changes, if any, brought out at the commencement of the session by the respective State Boards, in the textbooks of the language of their State.

Schools are directed to strictly follow the textbooks prescribed by CBSE in its curriculum. Changes, if any, can be adopted only when CBSE notifies them. School will be responsible for any issue arising out of School not following Boards’ directives.

This year the board has released the revised syllabus for the single board exam pattern, as was the norm earlier.

List of subjects offered at Senior Secondary Level

LANGUAGES (GROUP-L)

CodeLanguage Subjects
(Theory 80 Marks + IA 20 Marks)
001
301
ENGLISH ELECTIVE
ENGLISH CORE
(Any One)
002
302
HINDI ELECTIVE
HINDI CORE
(Any One)
003
303
URDU ELECTIVE
URDU CORE
(Any One)
022
322
SANSKRIT ELECTIVE
SANSKRIT CORE
(Any One)
104PUNJABI
105BENGALI
106TAMIL
107
189
TELUGU
TELUGU TELANGANA
(Any One)
108SINDHI
109MARATHI
110GUJARATI
111MANIPURI
112MALAYALAM
113ODIA
114ASSAMESE
115KANNADA
116ARABIC
117TIBETAN
118FRENCH
120GERMAN
121RUSSIAN
123PERSIAN
124NEPALI
125LIMBOO
126LEPCHA
191KOKBOROK
192BODO
193TANGKHUL
194JAPANESE
195BHUTIA
196SPANISH
197KASHMIRI
198MIZO
Language Subjects Class-XII CBSE Board Syllabus 2024-25

Academics Electives (GROUP-A)

CodeAcademics Electives SubjectsTheoryPracticalIA
027HISTORY8020
028POLITICAL SCIENCE8020
029GEOGRAPHY7030
030ECONOMICS8020
031
032
033
034
035
036
CARNATIC MUSIC VOCAL
CARNATIC MUSIC MEL. INS.
CARNATIC PER. INS. MRIDANGAM
HINDUSTANI MUSIC VOCAL
HINDUSTANI MUSIC MEL. INS.
HINDUSTANI PER. INS.
(Any One)
305020
037PSYCHOLOGY7030
039SOCIOLOGY
041
241
MATHEMATICS
APPLIED MATHEMATICS
(Any One)
8020
042PHYSICS7030
043CHEMISTRY7030
044BIOLOGY7030
045BIOTECHNOLOGY7030
046ENGINEERING GRAPHICS7030
048PHYSICAL EDUCATION7030
049
050
051
052
PAINTING
GRAPHICS
SCULPTURE
APPLIED/ COMMERCIAL ART
(Any One)
3070
054BUSINESS STUDIES8020
055ACCOUNTANCY8020
056
057
058
059
060
061
KATHAK – DANCE
BHARATNATYAM –DANCE
KUCHIPUDI – DANCE
ODISSI – DANCE
MANIPURI – DANCE
KATHAKALI – DANCE
(Any One)
3070
064HOME SCIENCE7030
065
083
INFORMATICS PRACTICES
COMPUTER SCIENCE
(Any One)
7030
066ENTREPRENEURSHIP7030
073KNOWLEDGE TRADITION & PRACTICES OF INDIA7030
074LEGAL STUDIES8020
076NATIONAL CADET CORPS (NCC)7030
Academics Electives Subjects Class-XII CBSE Board Syllabus 2024-25

Skills Elective (Group-S)

CodeSubject NameJob RolesTheoryPractical
801RETAILSALES ASSOCIATE6040
802INFORMATION TECHNOLOGYIT HELPDESK ASSISTANT6040
803WEB APPLICATIONWEB DEVELOPER6040
804AUTOMOTIVEAUTOMOTIVE SERVICE TECHNICIAN6040
805FINANCIAL MARKETS MANAGEMENTEQUITY DEALER/ MUTUAL FUND AGENT6040
806TOURISMTOUR GUIDE6040
807BEAUTY & WELLNESSBEAUTY THERAPIST6040
808AGRICULTUREAGRICULTURE EXTENSION WORKER6040
809FOOD PRODUCTIONTRAINEE COMMIE6040
810FRONT OFFICE OPERATIONSCOUNTER SALES EXECUTIVE6040
811BANKINGSALES EXECUTIVE (BANKING PRODUCT)6040
812MARKETINGMARKETING EXECUTIVE6040
813HEALTH CAREGENERAL DUTY ASSISTANT6040
814INSURANCESALES EXECUTIVE (INSURANCE)6040
816HORTICULTUREFLORICULTURIST (PROTECTED)/ ENTREPREEUR6040
817TYPOGRAPHY & COMPUTER APPLICATIONEXECUTIVE ASSISTANT6040
818GEOSPATIAL TECHNOLOGYGIS OPERATOR6040
819ELECTRICAL TECHNOLOGYFIELD TECHNICIAN- OTHER HOME6040
820ELECTRONIC TECHNOLOGYINSTALLATION TECHNICIAN6040
821MULTI-MEDIAANIMATOR5050
822TAXATIONASSISTANT TAX CONSULTANT/ GST ACCOUNTS ASSISTANT6040
823COST ACCOUNTINGJR. ACCOUNTANT6040
824OFFICE PROCEDURES & PRACTICESEXECUTIVE ASSISTANT6040
825SHORTHAND (ENGLISH)STENOGRAPHER6040
826SHORTHAND (HINDI)STENOGRAPHER6040
827AIR-CONDITIONING & REFRIGERATIONSERVICE TECHNICIAN6040
828MEDICAL DIAGNOSTICSMEDICAL LAB TECHNICIAN6040
829TEXTILE DESIGNDESIGN ASSISTANT (APPAREL / TEXTILE)6040
830DESIGNASSISTANT DESIGNER5050
831SALESMANSHIPSALES EXECUTIVE6040
833BUSINESS ADMINISTRATIONBUSINESS EXECUTIVE6040
834FOOD NUTRITION & DIETETICSASSISTANT DIETICIAN6040
835MASS MEDIA STUDIESMEDIA ASSISTANT6040
836LIBRARY & INFORMATION SCIENCELIBRARY ASSISTANT6040
837FASHION STUDIESASSISTANT FASHION DESIGNER6040
841YOGAYOGA INSTRUCTOR5050
842EARLY CHILDHOOD CARE & EDUCATIONEARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATOR5050
843ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE (NEW)5050
844Data Science5050

Annual examination

For Class XII: The Board Examination will cover the entire syllabus of Class-XII as per syllabus for each subject. Grades shall be awarded on the basis of 9-point grading system in each elective subject. For awarding the grades, the Board will put all the passed students in a rank order and will award the grades as follows:

GradeRank Order
A-1Top 1/8th of the passed candidates
A-2Next 1/8th of the passed candidates
B-1Next 1/8th of the passed candidates
B-2Next 1/8th of the passed candidates
C-1Next 1/8th of the passed candidates
C-2Next 1/8th of the passed candidates
D-1Next 1/8th of the passed candidates
D-2Next 1/8th of the passed candidates
EEssential Repeat

Notes:-

(i) Minor variations in proportion of candidates to adjust ties will be made.
(ii) In case of a tie, all the students getting the same score will get the same grade. If the number of students at a score point needs to be divided into two segments, the smaller segment will go with the larger.
(iii) Method of grading will be used in subjects where the number of candidates who have passed is more than 500.
(iv) In respect of subjects where the total number of candidates passing as subject is less than 500, the grading would be adopted on the pattern of grading and distribution in other similar subjects.

For Class XI: The assessment scheme will be similar to class XII Board examination and shall be carried out at school level. However, the grading in class XI will be as follows:

Grading Scale for Elective Areas (Class-XI)
(School will award grades as per the following grading scale)

Marks RangeGrade
91-100A1
81-90A2
71-80B1
61-70B2
51-60C1
41-50C2
33-40D
32 and belowEssential Repeat

Absolute grading is suggested for class XI keeping in view the number of students appearing from any particular school as against positional grading used for class XII.

Elective Areas

(i) Languages include Hindi, English and other 31 languages. The curricula in languages focus on listening, speaking, reading and writing skills for developing effective communicative proficiency. Learners use language to comprehend, acquire and communicate ideas.

(ii) Humanities and Social Sciences– Geography, History, Economics, Home Science, Sociology, Fine Arts, Political Science, and related subjects promote the learning of history and culture, geographical environment, global institutions, constitutional values and norms, politics, economy, interpersonal and societal interactions, civic responsibilities and the interplay of all these.

Learners appreciate and value every human’s right to feel respected and safe, and, in this regard, also understand their Fundamental Rights and Duties and behave responsibly. Learners learn to be tolerant and empathetic towards others through the study of these subjects.

(iii) Sciences: Biology, Chemistry, Physics, Computer Science, and Informatics Practices help in making students perceptive about matter and energy, nature, the environment, technological breakthroughs in science.

The focus is on knowledge and skills to develop a scientific attitude and to use and apply such knowledge for improving the quality of life. The Curriculum promotes the ability to engage with science related issues, and with the ideas of science, as a reflective citizen by being able to explain phenomena scientifically, evaluate and design scientific enquiry, and interpret data and evidence scientifically.

Students understand the importance of to apply scientific knowledge in the context of real-life situations and gain competencies that enable them to participate effectively and productively in life.

(iv) Mathematics includes acquiring the concepts related to numbers, operations, computation, measurement, geometry, probability and statistics, the skill to calculate and organize and the ability to apply this knowledge and acquired skills in their daily life. It also includes understanding of the principles of reasoning and problem solving.

Learners identify, integrate and apply numerical and spatial concepts and techniques. They have clarity of concepts and are able to connect them to the real world. Learners rationalize and reason about pre-defined arrangements, norms and relationships in order to comprehend, decode, validate and develop relevant patterns.

(v) Business and commerce based electives– Business Studies, Accountancy, Entrepreneurship, Economics and related subjects help in gaining understanding about core business disciplines. They understand the concept like, the exchange of items of value or products between persons or companies and the meaning / relevance/ significance of any such exchange of money for a product, service, or
information.

(vi) Visual; Performing and Creative Arts– Subjects like Dance, Drama, Music, Heritage Crafts, Fine Arts, Sculpture and related subjects aim to help learners cultivate an interest and appreciation for arts and encourage them to enthusiastically participate in related activities, thus, promoting abilities such as imagination, creativity, value arts, and the cultural heritage.

(vii) Skill Electives help in development of professional competencies, which are analytical, applied and outcome based. Undergoing skills training in schools can help students learn about a trade progressively to create a product and also to become a problem solver in real life.

At present many Skill electives are being offered by the Board in the fields of Hospitality and Tourism, emerging technology like Artificial Intelligence, Geospatial Technology, Finance, Business, and Retail & Insurance etc. Students can also choose subject from diverse areas such as Fashion Design, Agriculture, Banking, Mass-Media Healthcare and many more students.

(viii) Health and Physical Education focuses on holistic development, both mental and physical, understanding the importance of physical fitness, health, well-being and the factors that contribute to them.

Focus of this area is on helping learners develop a positive attitude and commitment to lifelong, healthy active living and the capacity to live satisfying, productive lives with the help of health management, indigenous sports, yoga, NCC, self-defense, fitness and lifestyle choices. These learning areas are to be integrated with each other in terms of knowledge, skills (life and livelihood), comprehension, values and attitudes.

Learners should get opportunities to think laterally, critically, identify opportunity, challenge their potential and be open to challenges. Learners value and engage in practices that promote physical, cognitive, emotional and social development and wellbeing. This enables learners to connect different areas of knowledge, application and values with their own lives and the world around them. The holistic nature of human learning and knowledge should be brought forth throughout.

(ix) General Studies: The purpose of orienting students to General Studies is to develop in them an appreciation for the holistic nature of knowledge. In contemporary times, familiarity with General Studies is indispensable because at the senior school stage there is an element of specialization due to which the students do not get exposed to some vital disciplines/ areas of study that are not covered in their specialized field.

For more detail on newly revised syllabus for CBSE board Class-XI and Class-XII, please log on to official website www.cbseacademic.nic.in


Open Demat Account

For Investing or Trading

(Best Investing and Trading Platform in India)

Learn More