Section 144 of GST Act: Presumption as to documents in certain cases

Amended and updated notes on section 144 of CGST Act, 2017. Discussion on provisions and rules related to presumption as to documents in certain cases.

Amended and updated notes on section 144 of CGST Act, 2017. Detail discussion on provisions and rules related to presumption as to documents in certain cases.

Chapter XXI (Sections 143174) of the Central Goods and Services Tax Act, 2017 deals with the provisions related to miscellaneous. Section 144 of CGST 2017 provides for presumption as to documents in certain cases.

Recently, we have discussed in detail section 143 (Job work procedure) of CGST Act 2017. Today, we learn the provisions of section 144 of Central GST Act 2017.

Section 144 of the Central Goods and Services Tax Act, 2017 has been notified by the Ministry of Finance vide Notification No. 9/2017-Central Tax, G.S.R. 658(E), dated 28.06.2017. This notification was come into force from 1st July, 2017 i.e. the commencement date of section 144 is 1-7-2017.

Name of ActThe Central Goods and Services Tax Act 2017
Enacted byParliament of India
Administered byCentral Board of Indirect Taxes & Customs
Governing bodyGST Council
Number of Chapters21
Number of Sections174
You are reading:
Chapter No.XXI
Chapter NameMiscellaneous
Section No.144
Section NamePresumption as to documents in certain cases
Updated 2024 EditionGST Law Book PDF

Section 144 of Central GST – Presumption as to documents in certain cases1

Section 144 of CGST Act 2017 shall come into force on 01.07.2017 vide Notification No. 9/2017-Central Tax, G.S.R. 658(E), dated 28.06.2017.

Where any document––

  • (i) is produced by any person under this Act or any other law for the time being in force; or
  • (ii) has been seized from the custody or control of any person under this Act or any other law for the time being in force; or
  • (iii) has been received from any place outside India in the course of any proceedings under this Act or any other law for the time being in force,

and such document is tendered by the prosecution in evidence against him or any other person who is tried jointly with him, the court shall—

  • (a) unless the contrary is proved by such person, presume—
    • (i) the truth of the contents of such document;
    • (ii) that the signature and every other part of such document which purports to be in the handwriting of any particular person or which the court may reasonably assume to have been signed by, or to be in the handwriting of, any particular person, is in that person’s handwriting, and in the case of a document executed or attested, that it was executed or attested by the person by whom it purports to have been so executed or attested;
  • (b) admit the document in evidence notwithstanding that it is not duly stamped, if such document is otherwise admissible in evidence.
  1. Section 144 of CGST Act 2017 shall come into force on 01.07.2017 vide Notification No. 9/2017-Central Tax, G.S.R. 658(E), dated 28.06.2017. ↩︎


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