Companies Cost Records and Audit Rules

The Companies (Cost Records and Audit) Rules, 2014 as amended by the Companies (Cost Records and Audit) Amendments Rules, 2019.

Cost Audit Report for the financial year 2019-20 may be submitted by the cost auditor to BOD by 30th November, 2020. Accordingly, a company may file e-form CRA-4 by 30th Dec 2020 if CRA copy received by company on 30.11.2020.

MCA provides relaxation of additional fees and extension of last date of filing of CRA-4 (form for filing of cost audit report) for FY 2019-20 under the Companies Act, 2013. Refer sub-rule (5) and (6) of Rule 6 stated below.

Chapter X (Sections 139 to 148 ) of the Companies Act, 2013 deals with the provisions related to audit and auditors. Read with section 148 “Central Government to specify audit of items of cost in respect of certain companies”.

The Companies (Cost Records and Audit) Rules, 2014 as amended by the Companies (Cost Records and Audit) Amendments Rules, 2019 with effect from 15th October, 2019.

The Companies (Cost Records and Audit) Rules, 2014

[Published vide G.S.R. 425(E), dated 30-06-2014 and last amended by G.S.R. 792(E) dated 15-10-2019]

In exercise of the powers conferred by sub-sections (1) and (2) of section 469 and section 148 of the Companies Act, 2013 (18 of 2013) and in supersession of Companies (Cost Accounting Records) Rules, 2011; Companies (Cost Audit Report) Rules, 2011; Cost Accounting Records (Telecommunication Industry) Rules, 2011; Cost Accounting Records (Petroleum Industry) Rules, 2011; Cost Accounting Records (Electricity Industry) Rules, 2011; Cost Accounting Records (Sugar Industry) Rules, 2011; Cost Accounting Records (Fertilizer Industry) Rules, 2011 and Cost Accounting Records (Pharmaceutical Industry) Rules, 2011, except as respects things done or omitted to be done before such supersession, the Central Government hereby makes the following rules, namely: –

Rule-1: Short title and commencement

(1) These rules may be called the Companies (cost records and audit) Rules, 2014.

(2) They shall come into force on the date of publication in the Official Gazette.

Rule-2: Definitions

In these rules, unless the context otherwise requires –

  • (a) “Act” means the Companies Act, 2013 (18 of 2013);
  • (aa) “Central Excise Tariff Act Heading” means the heading as referred to in the Additional Notes in the First Schedule to the Customs Tariff Act, 1975 (51 of 1975).
  • (b) “Cost Accountant in practice” means a cost accountant as defined in clause (b) of sub-section (1) of section 2 of the Cost and Works Accountants Act, 1959 (23 of 1959), who holds a valid certificate of practice under sub-section (1) of section 6 of that Act and who is deemed to be in practice under sub-section (2) of section 2 thereof, and includes a firm or limited liability partnership of cost accountants;
  • (c) “cost auditor” means a Cost Accountant in practice, as defined in clause (b), who is appointed by the Board;
  • (d) “cost audit report” means the duly signed cost auditor’s report on the cost records examined and cost statements which are prepared as per these rules, including attachment, Annexure, qualifications or observations attached with or included in such report;
  • (e) “cost records” means books of account relating to utilisation of materials, labour and other items of cost as applicable to the production of goods or provision of services as provided in section 148 of the Act and these rules;
  • (f) “form” means a form annexed to these rules;
  • (fa) “Indian Accounting Standards” means Indian Accounting Standards as referred to in Companies (Indian Accounting Standards) Rules, 2015.
  • (g) “institute” means the Institute of Cost Accountants of India constituted under the Cost and Works Accountants Act, 1959 (23 of 1959);
  • (h) all other words and expressions used in these rules but not defined, and defined in the Act or in the Companies (Specification of Definition Details) Rules, 2014 shall have the same meanings as assigned to them in the Act or in the said rules.

Rule-3: Application of cost records

For the purposes of sub-section (1) of section 148 of the Act, the class of companies, including foreign companies defined in clause (42) of Section 2 of the Act, engaged in the production of the goods or providing services, specified in the Table below, having an overall turnover from all its products and services of rupees thirty five crore or more during the immediately preceding financial year, shall include cost records for such products or services in their books of account, namely:

TABLE

(A) Regulated Sectors

Sl. No.Industry/ Sector/ Product/ ServiceCustoms Tariff Act Heading (wherever applicable)
1Telecommunication services made available to users by means of any transmission or reception of signs, signals, writing, images and sounds or intelligence of any nature and regulated by the Telecom Regulatory Authority of India under the Telecom Regulatory Authority of India Act, 1997 (24 of 1997); including activities that requires authorization or license issued by the Department of Telecommunications, Government of India under Indian Telegraph Act, 1885 (13 of 1885);Not applicable.
2Generation, transmission, distribution and supply of electricity regulated by the relevant regulatory body or authority under the Electricity Act, 2003 (36 of 2003);Generation- 2716; Other Activity- Not Applicable
3Petroleum products; including activities regulated by the Petroleum and Natural Gas Regulatory Board under the Petroleum and Natural Gas Regulatory Board Act, 2006 (19 of 2006);2709 to 2715; Other Activity- Not Applicable
4Drugs and pharmaceuticals;2901 to 2942; 3001 to 3006
5Fertilisers;3102 to 3105.
6Sugar and industrial alcohol;1701; 1703; 2207.

(B) Non-regulated Sectors

Sl. No.Industry/ Sector/ Product/ ServiceCustoms Tariff Act Heading (wherever applicable)
1Machinery and mechanical appliances used in defence, space and atomic energy sectors excluding any ancillary item or items; Explanation: For the purposes of this sub-clause, any company which is engaged in any item or items supplied exclusively for use under this clause, shall be deemed to be covered under these rules8401; 8801 to 8805; 8901 to 8908.
2Turbo jets and turbo propellers;8411
3Arms, ammunitions and Explosives;3601 to 3603; 9301 to 9306.
4Propellant powders; prepared explosives (other than propellant powders); safety fuses; detonating fuses; percussion or detonating caps; igniters; electric detonators;3601 to 3603.
5Radar apparatus, radio navigational aid apparatus and radio remote control apparatus;8526
6Tanks and other armoured fighting vehicles, motorised, whether or not fitted with weapons and parts of such vehicles, that are funded (investment made in the company) to the extent of ninety per cent or more by the Government or Government agencies;8710
7Port services of stevedoring, pilotage, hauling, mooring, re-mooring, hooking, measuring, loading and unloading services rendered for a Port in relation to a vessel or goods regulated by the Tariff Authority for Major Ports under the Major Port Trusts Act, 1963 (38 of 1963);Not applicable.
8Aeronautical services of air traffic management, aircraft operations, ground safety services, ground handling, cargo facilities and supplying fuel rendered at the airports and regulated by the Airports Economic Regulatory Authority under the Airports Economic Regulatory Authority of India Act, 2008 (27 of 2008);Not applicable.
9Iron and Steel;7201 to 7229; 7301 to 7326
10Roads and other infrastructure projects corresponding to para No. (1) (a) as specified in Schedule VI of the Companies Act, 2013 (18 of 2013);Not applicable.
11Rubber and allied products; including products regulated by the Rubber Board constituted under the Rubber Act, 1947 (XXIV of 1947);4001 to 4017
12Coffee and tea;0901 to 0902
13Railway or tramway locomotives, rolling stock, railway or tramway fixtures and fittings, mechanical (including electro mechanical) traffic signaling equipment’s of all kind;8601 to 8608; 8609.
14Cement;2523; 6811 to 6812
15Ores and Mineral products;2502 to 2522; 2524 to 2526; 2528 to 2530; 2601 to 2617
16Mineral fuels (other than Petroleum), mineral oils etc.;2701 to 2708
17Base metals;7401 to 7403; 7405 to 7413; 7419; 7501 to 7508; 7601 to 7614; 7801 to 7802; 7804; 7806; 7901 to 7905; 7907; 8001; 8003; 8007; 8101 to 8113.
18Inorganic chemicals, organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, rare-earth metals of radioactive elements or isotopes, and organic chemicals;2801 to 2853; 2901 to 2942; 3801 to 3807; 3402 to 3403; 3809 to 3824
19Jute and Jute Products;5303, 5307, 5310
20Edible Oil;1507 to 1518
21Construction Industry as per para No. (5) (a) as specified in Schedule VI of the Companies Act, 2013 (18 of 2013);Not applicable.
22Health services, namely functioning as or running hospitals, diagnostic centres, clinical centres or test laboratories;Not applicable.
23Education services, other than such similar services falling under philanthropy or as part of social spend which do not form part of any business;Not applicable.
24Milk powder;0402
25Insecticides;3808
26Plastics and polymers;3901 to 3914; 3916 to 3921; 3925
27Tyres and tubes;4011 to 4013
28Pulp and Paper;4701 to 4704; 4801 to 4802.
29Textiles;5004 to 5007; 5106 to 5113; 5205 to 5212; 5303; 5307 5310; 5401 to 5408; 5501 to 5516
30Glass;7003 to 7008; 7011; 7016
31Other machinery and Mechanical Appliances;8402 to 8487
32Electricals or electronic machinery;8501 to 8507; 8511 to 8512; 8514 to 8515; 8517; 8525 to 8536; 8538 to 8547.
33Production, import and supply or trading of following medical devices, namely: – (i) Cardiac stents; (ii) Drug eluting stents; (iii) Catheters; (iv) Intra ocular lenses; (v) Bone cements; (vi) Heart valves; (vii) Orthopaedic implants; (viii) Internal prosthetic replacements; (ix) Scalp vein set; (x) Deep brain stimulator; (xi) Ventricular peripheral shud; (xii) Spinal implants; (xiii) Automatic impalpable cardiac defibrillators; (xiv) Pacemaker (temporary and permanent); (xv) Patent ductus arteriosus, atrial septal defect and ventricular septal defect closure device; (xvi) Cardiac re-synchronise therapy ; (xvii) Urethra spinicture devices; (xviii) Sling male or female; (xix) Prostate occlusion device; and (xx) Urethral stents:9018 to 9022

Provided that nothing contained in serial number 33 shall apply to foreign companies having only liaison offices.

Provided further that nothing contained in this rule shall apply to a company which is classified as a micro enterprise or a small enterprise including as per the turnover criteria under sub-section (9) of section 7 of the Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises Development Act, 2006 (27 of 2006).

Rule-4: Applicability for cost audit

(1) Every company specified in item (A) of rule 3 shall get its cost records audited in accordance with these rules if the overall annual turnover of the company from all its products and services during the immediately preceding financial year is rupees fifty crore or more and the aggregate turnover of the individual product or products or service or services for which cost records are required to be maintained under rule 3 is rupees twenty five crore or more.

(2) Every company specified in item (B) of rule 3 shall get its cost records audited in accordance with these rules if the overall annual turnover of the company from all its products and services during the immediately preceding financial year is rupees one hundred crore or more and the aggregate turnover of the individual product or products or service or services for which cost records are required to be maintained under rule 3 is rupees thirty five crore or more.

(3) The requirement for cost audit under these rules shall not apply to a company which is covered in rule 3; and

  • (i) whose revenue from exports, in foreign exchange, exceeds seventy five per cent of its total revenue; or
  • (ii) which is operating from a special economic zone.
  • (iii) which is engaged in generation of electricity for captive consumption through Captive Generating Plant. For this purpose, the term “Captive Generating Plant” shall have the same meaning as assigned in rule 3 of the Electricity Rules, 2005;

Rule-5: Maintenance of records

(1) Every company under these rules including all units and branches thereof, shall, in respect of each of its financial year commencing on or after the 1st day of April, 2014, maintain cost records in form CRA-1.

Provided that in case of company covered in serial number 12 and serial numbers 24 to 32 of item (B) of rule 3, the requirement under this rule shall apply in respect of each of its financial year commencing on or after 1st day of April, 2015.

(2) The cost records referred to in sub-rule (1) shall be maintained on regular basis in such manner as to facilitate calculation of per unit cost of production or cost of operations, cost of sales and margin for each of its products and activities for every financial year on monthly or quarterly or half-yearly or annual basis.

(3) The cost records shall be maintained in such manner so as to enable the company to exercise, as far as possible, control over the various operations and costs to achieve optimum economies in utilisation of resources and these records shall also provide necessary data which is required to be furnished under these rules.

Rule-6: Cost audit

(1) The category of companies specified in rule 3 and the thresholds limits laid down in rule 4, shall within one hundred and eighty days of the commencement of every financial year, appoint a cost auditor.

(2) Every company referred to in sub-rule (1) shall inform the cost auditor concerned of his or its appointment as such and file a notice of such appointment with the Central Government within a period of thirty days of the Board meeting in which such appointment is made or within a period of one hundred and eighty days of the commencement of the financial year, whichever is earlier, through electronic mode, in form CRA-2, along with the fee as specified in Companies (Registration Offices and Fees) Rules, 2014.

(3) Every cost auditor appointed as such shall continue in such capacity till the expiry of one hundred and eighty days from the closure of the financial year or till he submits the cost audit report, for the financial year for which he has been appointed.

(3A) Any casual vacancy in the office of a cost auditor, whether due to resignation, death or removal, shall be filled by the Board of Directors within thirty days of occurrence of such vacancy and the company shall inform the Central Government in Form CRA-2 within thirty days of such appointment of cost auditor.

(4) Every cost auditor, who conducts an audit of the cost records of a company, shall submit the cost audit report along with his or its reservations or qualifications or observations or suggestions, if any, in form CRA-3.

(5) Every cost auditor shall forward his report to the Board of Directors of the company within a period of one hundred and eighty days from the closure of the financial year to which the report relates and the Board of Directors shall consider and examine such report particularly any reservation or qualification contained therein.

(6) Every company covered under these rules shall, within a period of thirty days from the date of receipt of a copy of the cost audit report, furnish the Central Government with such report along with full information and explanation on every reservation or qualification contained therein, in form CRA-4 along with fees specified in the Companies (Registration Offices and Fees) Rules, 2014.

Provided that the Companies which have got extension of time of holding Annual General Meeting under section 96 (1) of the Companies Act, 2013, may file form CRA-4 within resultant extended period of filing financial statements under section 137 of the Companies Act, 2013.

The cost audit report for the financial year ended on 31st March, 2020 shall be filed in e-form CRA-4 within 30 days from the date of receipt of the copy of the cost audit report by the company. — Circular No. 29/2020 dated 10th-Sept-2020.

However, in case a company has availed extension of time for holding Annual General Meeting (AGM) then e-Form CRA-4 may be filed within the timeline provided under the proviso to rule 6(6) of the Companies (Cost Records and Audit) Rules, 2014. — Circular No. 29/2020 dated 10-09-2020.

(7) The provisions of sub-section (12) of section 143 of the Act and the relevant rules made thereunder shall apply mutatis mutandis to a cost auditor during performance of his functions under section 148 of the Act and these rules.

Provided that the Companies which have got extension of time of holding Annual General Meeting under section 96 (1) of the Companies Act, 2013, may file form CRA-4 within resultant extended period of filing financial statements under section 137 of the Companies Act, 2013.

Rule-7: Rules not to apply in certain cases: [Omitted w.e.f. 31.12.2014]


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