Section 149 of Income Tax Act for AY 2023-24

Updated notes on time limit for notices section 149 of Income Tax Act 1961 as amended by the Finance Act 2022 and Income-tax Rules, 1962.

Amended and updated notes on section 149 of Income Tax Act 1961 as amended by the Finance Act 2022 and Income-tax Rules, 1962. Detail discussion on provisions and rules related to time limit for notices.

Chapter XIV (Sections 139 to 158) of the Income Tax Act 1961 deals with the provisions related to procedure for assessment. Section 149 of IT Act 1961 provides for time limit for notice.

Recently, we have discussed in detail section 148 (Issue of notice where income has escaped assessment) of IT Act 1961. Today, we learn the provisions of section 149 of Income-tax Act 1961-2022. The amended provision of section 149 is effective for financial year 2022-23 relevant to the assessment year 2023-24.

In this article, you will learn detail of the provisions of section 149 of the Income Tax Act, 1961 Bare Act read with the Income-tax Rules, 1962 as provided by Ministry of Law and Justice, Government of India.

Section-149: Time limit for notice

Section 149 (1):

No notice under section 148 shall be issued for the relevant assessment year,—

(a) if three years have elapsed from the end of the relevant assessment year, unless the case falls under clause (b);

(b) if three years, but not more than ten years, have elapsed from the end of the relevant assessment year unless the Assessing Officer has in his possession books of account or other documents or evidence which reveal that the income chargeable to tax, represented in the form of—

  • (i) an asset;
  • (ii) expenditure in respect of a transaction or in relation to an event or occasion; or
  • (iii) an entry or entries in the books of account,

which has escaped assessment amounts to or is likely to amount to fifty lakh rupees or more:

[Clause(b) in sub-section (1) of section 149 amended (substituted) w.e.f. 1-April-2022 by the Finance Act 2022]

Provided that no notice under section 148 shall be issued at any time in a case for the relevant assessment year beginning on or before 1st day of April, 2021, if a notice under section 148 or section 153A or section 153C could not have been issued at that time on account of being beyond the time limit specified under the provisions of clause (b) of sub-section (1) of this section or section 153A or section 153C, as the case may be, as they stood immediately before the commencement of the Finance Act, 2021:

[First proviso in sub-section (1) of section 149 amended (substituted) and shall be
deemed to have been substituted with effect from the 1st day of April, 2021 by the Finance Act 2022]

Provided further that the provisions of this sub-section shall not apply in a case, where a notice under section 153A, or section 153C read with section 153A, is required to be issued in relation to a search initiated under section 132 or books of account, other documents or any assets requisitioned under section 132A, on or before the 31st day of March, 2021:

Provided also that for the purposes of computing the period of limitation as per this section, the time or extended time allowed to the assessee, as per show-cause notice issued under clause (b) of section 148A or the period during which the proceeding under section 148A is stayed by an order or injunction of any court, shall be excluded:

Provided also that where immediately after the exclusion of the period referred to in the immediately preceding proviso, the period of limitation available to the Assessing Officer for passing an order under clause (d) of section 148A is less than seven days, such remaining period shall be extended to seven days and the period of limitation under this sub-section shall be deemed to be extended accordingly.

Explanation: For the purposes of clause (b) of this sub-section, “asset” shall include immovable property, being land or building or both, shares and securities, loans and advances, deposits in bank account.

Section 149 (1A):

Notwithstanding anything contained in sub-section (1), where the income chargeable to tax represented in the form of an asset or expenditure in relation to an event or occasion of the value referred to in clause (b) of sub-section (1), has escaped the assessment and the investment in such asset or expenditure in relation to such event or occasion has been made or incurred, in more than one previous years relevant to the assessment years within the period referred to in clause (b) of sub-section (1), a notice under section 148 shall be issued for every such assessment year for assessment, reassessment or recomputation, as the case may be.

[Sub-section (1A) of section 149 newly inserted w.e.f. 1-April-2022 by the Finance Act 2022]

Section 149 (2):

The provisions of sub-section (1) as to the issue of notice shall be subject to the provisions of section 151.

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