Section 160 of Income Tax Act for AY 2023-24

Section 160 of Income Tax Act 1961 amended by Finance Act 2022 and Income-tax Rules. Provisions and rules related to Representative assessee.

Amended and updated notes on section 160 of Income Tax Act 1961 as amended by the Finance Act 2022 and Income-tax Rules, 1962. Detail discussion on provisions and rules related to Representative assessee.

Chapter XV (Sections 159 to 180A) of the Income Tax Act 1961 deals with the provisions related to liability in special cases. Section 160 of IT Act 1961 provides for Representative assessee.

Recently, we have discussed in detail section 159 (Legal representatives) of IT Act 1961. Today, we learn the provisions of section 160 of Income-tax Act 1961. The amended provision of section 160 is effective for financial year 2022-23 relevant to the assessment year 2023-24.

In this article, you will learn detail of the provisions of section 160 of the Income Tax Act, 1961 Bare Act read with the Income-tax Rules, 1962 as provided by Ministry of Law and Justice, Government of India.

Section-160: Representative assessee

Section 160(1) of Income Tax Act

For the purposes of this Act, “representative assessee” means—

(i) in respect of the income of a non-resident specified in sub-section (1) of section 9, the agent of the non-resident, including a person who is treated as an agent under section 163;

(ii) in respect of the income of a minor, lunatic or idiot, the guardian or manager who is entitled to receive or is in receipt of such income on behalf of such minor, lunatic or idiot;

(iii) in respect of income which the Court of Wards, the Administrator- General, the Official Trustee or any receiver or manager (including any person, whatever his designation, who in fact manages property on behalf of another) appointed by or under any order of a court, receives or is entitled to receive, on behalf or for the benefit of any person, such Court of Wards, Administrator-General, Official Trustee, receiver or manager;

(iv) in respect of income which a trustee appointed under a trust declared by a duly executed instrument in writing whether testamentary or otherwise [including any wakf deed which is valid under the Mussalman Wakf Validating Act, 1913 (6 of 1913),] receives or is entitled to receive on behalf or for the benefit of any person, such trustee or trustees;

(v) in respect of income which a trustee appointed under an oral trust receives or is entitled to receive on behalf or for the benefit of any person, such trustee or trustees.

Explanation-1: A trust which is not declared by a duly executed instrument in writing [including any wakf deed which is valid under the Mussalman Wakf Validating Act, 1913 (6 of 1913),] shall be deemed, for the purposes of clause (iv), to be a trust declared by a duly executed instrument in writing if a statement in writing, signed by the trustee or trustees, setting out the purpose or purposes of the trust, particulars as to the trustee or trustees, the beneficiary or beneficiaries and the trust property, is forwarded to the Assessing Officer,—

  • (i) where the trust has been declared before the 1st day of June, 1981, within a period of three months from that day; and
  • (ii) in any other case, within three months from the date of declaration of the trust.

Explanation-2: For the purposes of clause (v), “oral trust” means a trust which is not declared by a duly executed instrument in writing [including any wakf deed which is valid under the Mussalman Wakf Validating Act, 1913 (6 of 1913)], and which is not deemed under Explanation 1 to be a trust declared by a duly executed instrument in writing.

Section 160(2) of Income Tax Act

Every representative assessee shall be deemed to be an assessee for the purposes of this Act.


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