Section 184 of Income Tax Act for AY 2023-24

Section 184 of Income Tax Act 1961 amended by Finance Act 2022 and Income-tax Rules. Provisions and rules related to Assessment as a firm.

Amended and updated notes on section 184 of Income Tax Act 1961 as amended by the Finance Act 2022 and Income-tax Rules, 1962. Detail discussion on provisions and rules related to Assessment as a firm.

Chapter XVI (Sections 184 to 189A) of the Income Tax Act 1961 deals with the provisions related to special provisions applicable to firms. Section 184 of IT Act 1961 provides for Assessment as a firm.

Recently, we have discussed in detail section 180A (Consideration for know-how) of IT Act 1961. Today, we learn the provisions of section 184 of Income-tax Act 1961. The amended provision of section 184 is effective for financial year 2022-23 relevant to the assessment year 2023-24.

In this article, you will learn detail of the provisions of section 184 of the Income Tax Act, 1961 Bare Act read with the Income-tax Rules, 1962 as provided by Ministry of Law and Justice, Government of India.

Section-184: Assessment as a firm

Section 184(1) of Income Tax Act

A firm shall be assessed as a firm for the purposes of this Act, if—

  • (i) the partnership is evidenced by an instrument; and
  • (ii) the individual shares of the partners are specified in that instrument.

Section 184(2) of Income Tax Act

A certified copy of the instrument of partnership referred to in sub-section (1) shall accompany the return of income of the firm of the previous year relevant to the assessment year commencing on or after the 1st day of April, 1993 in respect of which assessment as a firm is first sought.

Explanation: For the purposes of this sub-section, the copy of the instrument of partnership shall be certified in writing by all the partners (not being minors) or, where the return is made after the dissolution of the firm, by all persons (not being minors) who were partners in the firm immediately before its dissolution and by the legal representative of any such partner who is deceased.

Section 184(3) of Income Tax Act

Where a firm is assessed as such for any assessment year, it shall be assessed in the same capacity for every subsequent year if there is no change in the constitution of the firm or the shares of the partners as evidenced by the instrument of partnership on the basis of which the assessment as a firm was first sought.

Section 184(4) of Income Tax Act

Where any such change had taken place in the previous year, the firm shall furnish a certified copy of the revised instrument of partnership along with the return of income for the assessment year relevant to such previous year and all the provisions of this section shall apply accordingly.

Section 184(5) of Income Tax Act

Notwithstanding anything contained in any other provision of this Act, where, in respect of any assessment year, there is on the part of a firm any such failure as is mentioned in section 144, the firm shall be so assessed that no deduction by way of any payment of interest, salary, bonus, commission or remuneration, by whatever name called, made by such firm to any partner of such firm shall be allowed in computing the income chargeable under the head “Profits and gains of business or profession” and such interest, salary, bonus, commission or remuneration shall not be chargeable to income-tax under clause (v) of section 28.


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