FORM GSTR-5: A Comprehensive Guide for Non-Resident Taxpayers

Learn all about FORM GSTR-5, including its purpose, filing process, and key considerations for non-resident taxpayers. Stay compliant with India’s GST regulations as a non-resident.

The Goods and Services Tax Return 5 (GSTR-5) is a monthly return that must be filed by all non-resident taxable persons (NRTPs) registered under the Goods and Services Tax (GST) regime in India. It is a crucial document for NRTPs to declare their taxable supplies, input tax credit (ITC) claims, and tax payments made during the relevant tax period.

Are you a non-resident taxpayer doing business in India? Then, it is crucial to understand the requirements and obligations surrounding the FORM GSTR-5. In this article, we will explore everything you need to know about this form, including its purpose, filing process, and important considerations. By the end, you will have a clear understanding of how to effectively comply with India’s Goods and Services Tax (GST) regulations as a non-resident.

What is FORM GSTR-5?

FORM GSTR-5 is a return form specifically designed for non-resident taxpayers who conduct business in India but do not have a permanent establishment in the country. This form is applicable under the GST regime, which was introduced to unify various indirect taxes and create a streamlined tax structure across the nation.

Purpose of FORM GSTR-5

The primary purpose of FORM GSTR-5 is to capture the details of outward supplies made by non-resident taxpayers. It allows the tax authorities to keep a track of cross-border transactions and ensure compliance with tax regulations. By filing this form, non-resident taxpayers contribute to the overall transparency and accountability of the GST system.

Who Should File FORM GSTR-5?

Any non-resident taxpayer who has conducted business activities in India during a specific tax period is required to file FORM GSTR-5. This includes individuals and entities registered as non-resident service providers, e-commerce operators, or any other non-resident taxpayer mentioned in the GST law.

Filing Process

How to File GSTR-5: GSTR-5 can be filed electronically through the GST portal. NRTPs can access the return filing process by logging into their GST portal account and navigating to the GSTR-5 section. The portal provides detailed instructions and guidance for filing the return accurately.

Filing FORM GSTR-5 involves several steps that must be completed in a timely manner. Here is a simplified guide to help you navigate through the process smoothly:

Step 1: Login

Access the GST portal and log in using your unique credentials.

Step 2: Generate GSTR-5

Choose the option to generate FORM GSTR-5 for the respective tax period. The form will be auto-populated with relevant information based on your previous filings.

Step 3: Review and Edit

Carefully review the pre-filled information and make any necessary edits or additions. Ensure that all details, such as invoice numbers, amounts, and tax rates, are accurate and up-to-date.

Step 4: Submit and File

Once you have reviewed and edited the form, submit it on the GST portal. Upon successful submission, a unique reference number will be generated for future reference. It is important to note that late filing or non-compliance may attract penalties and fines.

Details to be Furnished in GSTR-5

GSTR-5 comprises various tables that require NRTPs to provide comprehensive details about their taxable supplies, ITC claims, and tax payments. The key tables include:

  • Table 3: Details of import of goods, bill of entry-wise
  • Table 4: Amendments to details of import of goods declared in earlier tax periods
  • Table 5: Invoice-level details for all B2B supplies
  • Table 6: Invoice-level details for all inter-state B2C supplies where invoice value exceeds ₹2,50,000
  • Table 7: State-wise summary of supplies for all B2C supplies where invoice value is up to ₹2,50,000
  • Table 8: Amendments to details of supplies declared in previous tax periods

Consequences of Non-Filing

Failure to file GSTR-5 within the prescribed due date can lead to late filing penalties and other legal consequences. Additionally, NRTPs may face issues in claiming ITC and obtaining GST refunds if they do not comply with the filing requirements.

Important Considerations for Non-Resident Taxpayers

As a non-resident taxpayer, there are a few key considerations to keep in mind when dealing with FORM GSTR-5:

Tax Calculation

Non-resident taxpayers must calculate the applicable GST on their supplies as per the provisions of the GST law. It is essential to understand the tax rates, exemptions, and thresholds to ensure accurate compliance.

Input Tax Credit

Unlike regular taxpayers, non-resident taxpayers are not eligible to claim input tax credit on their purchases. Therefore, it is important to factor in the cost of indirect taxes while determining pricing and profitability.

Due Dates and Penalties

Frequency and Due Date: GSTR-5 is a monthly return, and the due date for filing is the 20th of the month following the relevant tax period. For instance, the return for September 2023 would be due on October 20, 2023.

Non-resident taxpayers must pay attention to the prescribed due dates for filing FORM GSTR-5. Failure to comply with these dates may result in penalties, including fines and interest charges. It is advisable to maintain a calendar and set reminders for timely filing.

Eligibility for Filing GSTR-5

Any non-resident taxable person who is registered under the GST regime in India is required to file GSTR-5. This includes NRTPs who make taxable supplies of goods or services in India, even if they do not have a physical presence in the country.

Significance of GSTR-5

GSTR-5 plays a crucial role in ensuring tax compliance and maintaining transparency among non-resident taxable persons under the GST regime. It enables the tax authorities to track the taxable activities of NRTPs, assess their tax liabilities, and collect the applicable taxes.

In summary, GSTR-5 is an essential document for non-resident taxable persons registered under the GST regime in India. It serves as a means to declare their taxable supplies, claim input tax credit, and fulfill their tax obligations. Timely filing of GSTR-5 is crucial for NRTPs to maintain compliance and avoid penalties.


Understanding and complying with FORM GSTR-5 is crucial for non-resident taxpayers conducting business in India. By accurately filing this form, you contribute to the overall transparency and efficiency of the GST system. Remember to stay informed about the latest updates and guidelines provided by the tax authorities to ensure compliance with the law. Stay compliant, stay successful!

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