Section 129 Financial statement – Companies Act 2013

Amended and updated notes on section 129 of Companies Act 2013. Detail discussion on provisions and rules related to financial statement.

Amended and updated notes on section 129 of Companies Act 2013. Detail discussion on provisions and rules related to financial statement.

Chapter IX (Sections 128138) of the Companies Act, 2013 (CA 2013) deals with the provisions related to accounts of companies. Section 129 of CA 2013 provides for financial statement.

Recently, we have discussed in detail section 128 (Books of account, etc., to be kept by company) of CA 2013. Today, we learn the provisions of section 129 of Companies Act 2013 read with the Companies (Accounts) Rules, 2014.

Section 129 of the Companies Act, 2013 has been notified by the Ministry of Corporate Affairs (MCA) vide Notification No. S.O. 902(E) issued dated 27.03.2014. This notification shall come into force from 1st April, 2014 i.e. the commencement date of section 129 is 01-04-2014.

Name of ActThe Companies Act 2013
Enacted byParliament of India
Administered byMinistry of Corporate Affairs (MCA)
Number of Chapters29
Number of Sections484 (470-43+57)
Number of Schedules7
You are reading:
Chapter No.IX
Chapter NameAccounts of Companies
Section No.129
Section NameFinancial statement
Monthly Updated EditionCompany Law PDF

Definition of Financial Statement of a Company

As per section 2(40) of the Companies Act, 2013 the term Financial Statement includes the following:

  • i) Balance Sheet;
  • ii) Profit and Loss account or Income and Expenditure account (as the case may be);
  • iii) Cash Flow Statement;
  • iv) Statement of changes in Equity (if applicable); and
  • v) Explanatory Note annexed thereto.

However, there is no need to prepare cash flow statement in case of One Person Company (OPC), Small Company and Dormant Company.

Forms and items contained in Financial Statements of a Company

In accordance with the provisions of section 129(1) of CA, 2013, the financial statements of companies shall have following three basic legal requirements:

1) Gives True and Fair View:

Financial Statement shall give a true and fair view of the state of affairs of the company or companies;

2) Complies with AS:

Financial Statement shall comply with the Accounting Standards notified under section 133;

3) In the Form of Schedule III:

Financial Statement shall be in the form or forms as may be provided for different class or classes of companies in Schedule III.

Further, a new Rule 4A has been inserted by the Companies (Accounts) Second Amendment Rules, 2015 vide G.S.R. 680 (E), issued dated 07-09-2015. As per the said rule the Financial Statements shall be in the form specified in Schedule III and comply with Accounting Standards (AS) or Indian Accounting Standards (Ind AS) as applicable.

As per section 129(2) of CA, 2013, the Financial Statement must be placed before shareholders at every AGM by the Board of Directors of a company. Section 129(3) read with Rule 5 of the Companies (Accounts) Rules, 2014, the company shall also attach along with its financial statement, a separate statement containing the salient features of the financial statement of its subsidiary or subsidiaries in Form AOC-1.

The following companies need not required to comply with the basic legal requirements as stated in the provisions of sub-section (1) of section 129:

  • A) Insurance company;
  • B) Banking company;
  • C) Electricity company;
  • D) Any other class of company for which a form of financial statement has been specified in or under the CA, 2013 governing such class of company.

It has also been stated in the proviso of section 129(1) that the financial statements shall not be treated as not disclosing a true and fair view of the state of affairs of the company, merely by reason of the fact that they do not disclose—

  • (a) in the case of an insurance company, any matters which are not required to be disclosed by the Insurance Act, 1938, or the Insurance Regulatory and Development Authority Act, 1999;
  • (b) in the case of a banking company, any matters which are not required to be disclosed by the Banking Regulation Act, 1949;
  • (c) in the case of a company engaged in the generation or supply of electricity, any matters which are not required to be disclosed by the Electricity Act, 2003;
  • (d) in the case of a company governed by any other law for the time being in force, any matters which are not required to be disclosed by that law.

Mandatory requirement for Consolidated Financial Statement

As per sub-section (3) of section 129, if a company has one or more subsidiaries, it shall prepare and lay a Consolidated Financial Statement (CFS) before the annual general meeting of the company. Subsidiary shall include associate company and joint venture.

The manner of consolidation of accounts of companies has been provided by the Central Government in Rule 6 of the Companies (Accounts) Rules, 2014. Accordingly, the CFS shall be made in accordance with Schedule III and the applicable accounting standards. In case of a company which is not required to prepare CFS under the accounting standards then CFS need to be made in accordance with Schedule III only.

That means a company having either subsidiary, associate or joint venture in India or outside India, shall prepare CFS for each financial year and must comply with AS and that CFS should be in the form prescribed in Schedule III.

A new proviso has been inserted in Rule 6 by the Companies (Accounts) Amendment Rules, 2015 vide G.S.R. 37(E), dated 16-01-2015. In accordance with the newly inserted proviso nothing in Rule 6 shall apply in respect of consolidation of financial statement by a company having subsidiary or subsidiaries incorporated outside India only for the financial year commencing on or after 1st April, 2014.

Where the financial statements of a company do not comply with AS, the company shall disclose in its financial statements:

  • i) the deviation from AS;
  • ii) the reasons for such deviation; and
  • iii) the financial effects, if any, arising out of such deviation.

Contravention of provisions of Section 129 of CA, 2013

Responsible Persons to comply with Section 129: Following persons of a company are responsible for the compliance requirements of the provisions of section 129 of CA, 2013:

  • a) Managing Director (MD);
  • b) Whole-time Director (WD) in charge of finance;
  • c) Chief Financial Officer (CFO); or
  • d) Any other person charged by BOD to comply with Section 129.

Note that in the absence of any of the officers mentioned above, all the directors of that company shall be punishable.

Punishments for Non-compliance of Section 129: If a company contravenes the provisions of section 129, the above responsible persons shall be punishable with:

  • i) Imprisonment upto 1 year; or
  • ii) Fine of Minimum ₹50,000 or Maximum ₹5,00,000; or
  • iii) Both i.e. Imprisonment as well as Fine.

Power of CG to grant Exemption from Provision of Section 129

The Central Government may on its own or on an application exempt any class or classes of Companies from complying with Section 129 or the Rules made thereunder and such exemption may be granted either unconditionally or subject to such conditions as may be specified in that exemption notification.

Accordingly, the Central Government has granted exemption to Government Company producing Defence Equipments from complying with any of the requirements of section 129 or the rules made thereunder.

Section 129 of Companies Act 2013: Financial statement

Section 129 shall come into force on 1st April, 2014 vide Notification No. S.O. 902(E) issued dated 27.03.2014.

(1) The financial statements shall give a true and fair view of the state of affairs of the company or companies, comply with the accounting standards notified under section 133 and shall be in the form or forms as may be provided for different class or classes of companies in Schedule III:

Provided that the items contained in such financial statements shall be in accordance with the accounting standards:

Provided further that nothing contained in this sub-section shall apply to any insurance or banking company or any company engaged in the generation or supply of electricity, or to any other class of company for which a form of financial statement has been specified in or under the Act governing such class of company:

Provided also that the financial statements shall not be treated as not disclosing a true and fair view of the state of affairs of the company, merely by reason of the fact that they do not disclose—

  • (a) in the case of an insurance company, any matters which are not required to be disclosed by the Insurance Act, 1938, or the Insurance Regulatory and Development Authority Act, 1999;
  • (b) in the case of a banking company, any matters which are not required to be disclosed by the Banking Regulation Act, 1949;
  • (c) in the case of a company engaged in the generation or supply of electricity, any matters which are not required to be disclosed by the Electricity Act, 2003;
  • (d) in the case of a company governed by any other law for the time being in force, any matters which are not required to be disclosed by that law.

(2) At every annual general meeting of a company, the Board of Directors of the company shall lay before such meeting financial statements for the financial year.

(3) Where a company has one or more subsidiaries or associate companies, it shall, in addition to financial statements provided under sub-section (2), prepare a consolidated financial statement of the company and of all the subsidiaries and associate companies in the same form and manner as that of its own and in accordance with applicable accounting standards, which shall also be laid before the annual general meeting of the company along with the laying of its financial statement under sub-section (2):

Provided that the company shall also attach along with its financial statement, a separate statement containing the salient features of the financial statement of its subsidiary or subsidiaries and associate company or companies in such form as may be prescribed:

Provided further that the Central Government may provide for the consolidation of accounts of companies in such manner as may be prescribed.

Explanation: For the purposes of this sub-section, the word “subsidiary” shall include associate company and joint venture.

(4) The provisions of this Act applicable to the preparation, adoption and audit of the financial statements of a holding company shall, mutatis mutandis, apply to the consolidated financial statements referred to in sub-section (3).

(5) Without prejudice to sub-section (1), where the financial statements of a company do not comply with the accounting standards referred to in sub-section (1), the company shall disclose in its financial statements, the deviation from the accounting standards, the reasons for such deviation and the financial effects, if any, arising out of such deviation.

(6) The Central Government may, on its own or on an application by a class or classes of companies, by notification, exempt any class or classes of companies from complying with any of the requirements of this section or the rules made thereunder, if it is considered necessary to grant such exemption in the public interest and any such exemption may be granted either unconditionally or subject to such conditions as may be specified in the notification.

You may also read exemption to Government Company producing Defence Equipments.

(7) If a company contravenes the provisions of this section, the managing director, the whole-time director in charge of finance, the Chief Financial Officer or any other person charged by the Board with the duty of complying with the requirements of this section and in the absence of any of the officers mentioned above, all the directors shall be punishable with imprisonment for a term which may extend to one year or with fine which shall not be less than fifty thousand rupees but which may extend to five lakh rupees, or with both.

Explanation: For the purposes of this section, except where the context otherwise requires, any reference to the financial statement shall include any notes annexed to or forming part of such financial statement, giving information required to be given and allowed to be given in the form of such notes under this Act.

Exception/ Modification/ Adaptation:

1) In case of Government Company, Section 129 shall not apply to the companies engaged in defence production to the extent of application of relevant Accounting Standard on segment reporting. – Notification No. G.S.R. 802(E) dated 23rd February, 2018.

2) The provisions of Accounting Standard 22 or Indian Accounting Standard 12 relating to deferred tax asset or deferred tax liability shall not apply with effect from the 1st April, 2017, to a Government company which:—

  • (a) is a public financial institution under sub-clause (iv) of clause (72) of section 2 of the Companies Act, 2013;
  • (b) is a Non-Banking Financial Company registered with the Reserve Bank of India under section 45-IA of the Reserve bank of India Act, 1934; and
  • (c) is engaged in the business of infrastructure finance leasing with not less than seventy five per cent. of its total revenue being generated from such business with Government companies or other entities owned or controlled by Government . –Notification No. G.S.R. 529(E) dated 5th February, 2018 as amended by S.O. 1465(E) dated 2nd April, 2018.


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