Section 147 Punishment for contravention – Companies Act 2013

Amended and updated notes on section 147 of Companies Act 2013. Detail discussion on provisions and rules related to punishment for contravention.

Amended and updated notes on section 147 of Companies Act 2013. Detail discussion on provisions and rules related to punishment for contravention.

Chapter X (Sections 139148) of the Companies Act, 2013 (CA 2013) deals with the provisions related to audit and auditors. Section 147 of CA 2013 provides for punishment for contravention.

Recently, we have discussed in detail section 146 (Auditors to attend general meeting) of CA 2013. Today, we learn the provisions of section 147 of Companies Act 2013.

The provisions of section 147 are effective from 1-April-2014. You may refer Notification No. S.O. 902(E) issued dated 27.03.2014. In this article, you will learn detail of the provisions of section 147 of the Companies Act 2013 read with the Companies (Audit and Auditors) Rules, 2014.

Section 147 has provided specific and stringent penalties for contravention of provisions of sections 139 to 146 of the Companies Act, 2013. Section 147 of CA 2013 corresponds to section 232 (Penalty for non-compliance with sections 225 to 231) and section 233 (Penalty for non-compliance by auditor with sections 227 and 229) of the Companies Act, 1956.

Name of ActThe Companies Act 2013
Enacted byParliament of India
Administered byMinistry of Corporate Affairs (MCA)
Number of Chapters29
Number of Sections484 (470-43+57)
Number of Schedules7
You are reading:
Chapter No.X
Chapter NameAudit and Auditors
Section No.147
Section NamePunishment for contravention
Monthly Updated EditionCompany Law PDF

Punishment for contravention under Section 147 of Companies Act, 2013

We have already discussed the provisions of sections 139, 140, 141, 142, 143, 144, 145, and 146 of the Companies Act, 2013. Section 147 of CA 2013 deals with the penalty provisions for non-compliance with sections 139146 of the Companies Act, 2013.

1) Penalty on Company [Section 147(1):

In accordance with sub-section (1) of section 147 of CA 2013, if any of the provisions of sections 139 to 146 (both inclusive) is contravened, the company shall be punishable with a minimum fine of ₹25,000 which may extend to five lakh rupees.

2) Penalty on Officer [Section 147(1):

As per section 147(1) of the CA 2013, if any of the provisions of sections 139 to 146 (both inclusive) is contravened, every officer of the company who is in default shall be punishable with:

a) Imprisonment for a term up to 1 year; or
b) Fine which shall not be less than ₹10,000 but which may extend to ₹1,00,000; or
c) Both with imprisonment and fine.

3) Penalty on Auditor [Section 147(2)]:

According to section 147(2) of the CA 2013, if an auditor of a company contravenes any of the provisions of section 139, section 143, section 144 or section 145, the auditor shall be punishable with:

a) Minimum Fine: ₹25,000;
b) Maximum Fine: ₹5,00,000.

If an auditor has contravened such provisions (Sections 139, 143, 144 or 145) knowingly or wilfully with the intention to deceive:

– the company; or
– its shareholders; or
– creditors; or
– tax authorities,
he shall be punishable with:

a) Imprisonment: Up to one year; and
b) Fine: Minimum ₹1,00,000; Maximum ₹25,00,000.

4) Refund of Remuneration by Auditors [Section 147(3)]:

Where an auditor has been convicted u/s 147(2) of the CA 2013, the convicted auditor shall be liable to the following in addition to the penalty under sub-section (2) of section 147 of CA 2013:

  • (i) refund the remuneration received by him to the company; and
  • (ii) pay for damages to the company, statutory bodies or authorities or to any other persons for loss arising out of incorrect or misleading statements of particulars made in his audit report.

Note that such provisions for refunding remuneration and payment of damages was not present in the Old Companies Act, 1956.

5) Ensuring prompt payment of Damages [Section 147(4)]:

In accordance with the provisions of section 147(4) of the CA 2013, the Central Government (CG) shall, by notification, specify any statutory body or authority or an officer for ensuring prompt payment of damages to the company or the persons under clause (ii) of sub-section (3) of section 147 of the CA 2013.

Such body, authority or officer shall after payment of damages to such company or persons file a report with the CG in respect of making such damages in such manner as may be specified in the said notification.

6) Liability of Audit Firm of a Company [Section 147(5)]:

If audit of a company is conducted by an audit firm and it is proved that the partner or partners of the audit firm has or have:

  • – acted in a fraudulent manner; or
  • – abetted or colluded in any fraud by, or in relation to or by, the company or its directors or officers,

the liability, whether civil or criminal as provided in CA 2013 or in any other law for the time being in force, for such act shall be of the partner or partners concerned of the audit firm and of the firm jointly and severally.

Section 147 of Companies Act 2013: Punishment for contravention

Section 147 shall come into force on 1st April, 2014 vide Notification No. S.O. 902(E) issued dated 27.03.2014.

(1) If any of the provisions of sections 139 to 146 (both inclusive) is contravened, the company shall be punishable with fine which shall not be less than twenty-five thousand rupees but which may extend to five lakh rupees and every officer of the company who is in default shall be punishable with imprisonment for a term which may extend to one year or with fine which shall not be less than ten thousand rupees but which may extend to one lakh rupees, or with both.

(2) If an auditor of a company contravenes any of the provisions of section 139, section 143, section 144 or section 145, the auditor shall be punishable with fine which shall not be less than twenty-five thousand rupees but which may extend to five lakh rupees or four times the remuneration of the auditor, whichever is less:

Provided that if an auditor has contravened such provisions knowingly or wilfully with the intention to deceive the company or its shareholders or creditors or tax authorities, he shall be punishable with imprisonment for a term which may extend to one year and with fine which shall not be less than fifty thousand rupees but which may extend to twenty-five lakh rupees or eight times the remuneration of the auditor, whichever is less.

(3) Where an auditor has been convicted under sub-section (2), he shall be liable to—

  • (i) refund the remuneration received by him to the company; and
  • (ii) pay for damages to the company, statutory bodies or authorities or to members or creditors of the company for loss arising out of incorrect or misleading statements of particulars made in his audit report.

(4) The Central Government shall, by notification, specify any statutory body or authority or an officer for ensuring prompt payment of damages to the company or the persons under clause (ii) of sub-section (3) and such body, authority or officer shall after payment of damages to such company or persons file a report with the Central Government in respect of making such damages in such manner as may be specified in the said notification.

(5) Where, in case of audit of a company being conducted by an audit firm, it is proved that the partner or partners of the audit firm has or have acted in a fraudulent manner or abetted or colluded in any fraud by, or in relation to or by, the company or its directors or officers, the liability, whether civil or criminal as provided in this Act or in any other law for the time being in force, for such act shall be of the partner or partners concerned of the audit firm and of the firm jointly and severally.

Provided that in case of criminal liability of an audit firm, in respect of liability other than fine, the concerned partner or partners, who acted in a fraudulent manner or abetted or, as the case may be, colluded in any fraud shall only be liable.


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