Section 163 of Income Tax Act for AY 2023-24

Section 163 of Income Tax Act 1961 as amended by the Finance Act 2022 and Income-tax Rules, 1962. Who may be regarded as agent.

Amended and updated notes on section 163 of Income Tax Act 1961 as amended by the Finance Act 2022 and Income-tax Rules, 1962. Detail discussion on provisions and rules related to Who may be regarded as agent.

Chapter XV (Sections 159 to 180A) of the Income Tax Act 1961 deals with the provisions related to liability in special cases. Section 163 of IT Act 1961 provides for Who may be regarded as agent.

Recently, we have discussed in detail section 162 (Right of representative assessee to recover tax paid) of IT Act 1961. Today, we learn the provisions of section 163 of Income-tax Act 1961. The amended provision of section 163 is effective for financial year 2022-23 relevant to the assessment year 2023-24.

In this article, you will learn detail of the provisions of section 163 of the Income Tax Act, 1961 Bare Act read with the Income-tax Rules, 1962 as provided by Ministry of Law and Justice, Government of India.

Section-163: Who may be regarded as agent

Section 163(1) of Income Tax Act

For the purposes of this Act, “agent“, in relation to a non-resident, includes any person in India—

  • (a) who is employed by or on behalf of the non-resident; or
  • (b) who has any business connection with the non-resident; or
  • (c) from or through whom the non-resident is in receipt of any income, whether directly or indirectly; or
  • (d) who is the trustee of the non-resident;

and includes also any other person who, whether a resident or non-resident, has acquired by means of a transfer, a capital asset in India :

Provided that a broker in India who, in respect of any transactions, does not deal directly with or on behalf of a non-resident principal but deals with or through a non-resident broker shall not be deemed to be an agent under this section in respect of such transactions, if the following conditions are fulfilled, namely:—

  • (i) the transactions are carried on in the ordinary course of business through the first-mentioned broker; and
  • (ii) the non-resident broker is carrying on such transactions in the ordinary course of his business and not as a principal.

Explanation: For the purposes of this sub-section, the expression “business connection” shall have the meaning assigned to it in Explanation 2 to clause (i) of sub-section (1) of section 9 of this Act.

Section 163(2) of Income Tax Act

No person shall be treated as the agent of a non-resident unless he has had an opportunity of being heard by the Assessing Officer as to his liability to be treated as such.


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