Section 170 of Income Tax Act for AY 2023-24

Section 170 of Income Tax Act 1961 amended by Finance Act 2022 and Income-tax Rules, 1962. Succession to business otherwise than on death.

Amended and updated notes on section 170 of Income Tax Act 1961 as amended by the Finance Act 2022 and Income-tax Rules, 1962. Detail discussion on provisions and rules related to Succession to business otherwise than on death.

Chapter XV (Sections 159 to 180A) of the Income Tax Act 1961 deals with the provisions related to liability in special cases. Section 170 of IT Act 1961 provides for Succession to business otherwise than on death.

Recently, we have discussed in detail section 169 (Right of executor to recover tax paid) of IT Act 1961.

Today, we learn the provisions of section 170 of Income-tax Act 1961 as amended by the Finance Act 2022. The amended provision of section 170 is effective for financial year 2022-23 relevant to the assessment year 2023-24.

In this article, you will learn detail of the provisions of section 170 of the Income Tax Act, 1961 Bare Act read with the Income-tax Rules, 1962 as provided by Ministry of Law and Justice, Government of India.

Section-170: Succession to business otherwise than on death

Section 170 (1):

Where a person carrying on any business or profession (such person hereinafter in this section being referred to as the predecessor) has been succeeded therein by any other person (hereinafter in this section referred to as the successor) who continues to carry on that business or profession,—

  • (a) the predecessor shall be assessed in respect of the income of the previous year in which the succession took place up to the date of succession;
  • (b) the successor shall be assessed in respect of the income of the previous year after the date of succession.

Section 170 (2):

Notwithstanding anything contained in sub-section (1), when the predecessor cannot be found, the assessment of the income of the previous year in which the succession took place up to the date of succession and of the previous year preceding that year shall be made on the successor in like manner and to the same extent as it would have been made on the predecessor, and all the provisions of this Act shall, so far as may be, apply accordingly.

Section 170 (2A):

Notwithstanding anything contained in sub-sections (1) and (2), where there is succession, the assessment or reassessment or any other proceedings, made or initiated on the predecessor during the course of pendency of such succession, shall be deemed to have been made or initiated on the successor and all the provisions of this Act shall, so far as may be, apply accordingly.

Explanation: For the purposes of this sub-section, the term “pendency” means the period commencing from the date of filing of application for such succession of business before the High Court or tribunal or the date of admission of an application for corporate insolvency resolution by the Adjudicating Authority as defined in clause (1) of section 5 of the Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code, 2016 and ending with the date on which the order of such High Court or tribunal or such Adjudicating Authority, as the case may be, is received by the Principal Commissioner or the Commissioner.

[Sub-section (2A) newly inserted w.e.f. 1-April-2022 by the finance Act 2022]

Section 170 (3):

When any sum payable under this section in respect of the income of such business or profession for the previous year in which the succession took place up to the date of succession or for the previous year preceding that year, assessed on the predecessor, cannot be recovered from him, the Assessing Officer shall record a finding to that effect and the sum payable by the predecessor shall thereafter be payable by and recoverable from the successor, and the successor shall be entitled to recover from the predecessor any sum so paid.

Section 170 (4):

Where any business or profession carried on by a Hindu undivided family is succeeded to, and simultaneously with the succession or after the succession there has been a partition of the joint family property between the members or groups of members, the tax due in respect of the income of the business or profession succeeded to, up to the date of succession, shall be assessed and recovered in the manner provided in section 171, but without prejudice to the provisions of this section.

Explanation: For the purposes of this section, “income” includes any gain accruing from the transfer, in any manner whatsoever, of the business or profession as a result of the succession.


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