Section 243 of Income Tax Act for AY 2023-24

Section 243 of Income Tax Act 1961 as amended by the Finance Act 2022 and Income-tax Rules, 1962. Interest on delayed refunds.

Amended and updated notes on section 243 of Income Tax Act 1961 as amended by the Finance Act 2022 and Income-tax Rules, 1962. Detail discussion on provisions and rules related to Interest on delayed refunds.

Chapter XIX (Sections 237 to 245) of the Income Tax Act 1961 deals with the provisions related to refunds. Section 243 of IT Act 1961 provides for Interest on delayed refunds.

Recently, we have discussed in detail section 242 (Correctness of assessment not to be questioned) of IT Act 1961. Today, we learn the provisions of section 243 of Income-tax Act 1961. The amended provision of section 243 is effective for financial year 2022-23 relevant to the assessment year 2023-24.

In this article, you will learn detail of the provisions of section 243 of the Income Tax Act, 1961 Bare Act read with the Income-tax Rules, 1962 as provided by Ministry of Law and Justice, Government of India.

Section-243: Interest on delayed refunds

Section 243(1) of Income Tax Act

If the Assessing Officer does not grant the refund,—

  • (a) in any case where the total income of the assessee does not consist solely of income from interest on securities or dividends, within three months from the end of the month in which the total income is determined under this Act, and
  • (b) in any other case, within three months from the end of the month in which the claim for refund is made under this Chapter,

the Central Government shall pay the assessee simple interest at fifteen per cent per annum on the amount directed to be refunded from the date immediately following the expiry of the period of three months aforesaid to the date of the order granting the refund.

Explanation: If the delay in granting the refund within the period of three months aforesaid is attributable to the assessee, whether wholly or in part, the period of the delay attributable to him shall be excluded from the period for which interest is payable.

Section 243(2) of Income Tax Act

Where any question arises as to the period to be excluded for the purposes of calculation of interest under the provisions of this section, such question shall be determined by the Principal Chief Commissioner or Chief Commissioner or Principal Commissioner or Commissioner whose decision shall be final.

Section 243(3) of Income Tax Act

The provisions of this section shall not apply in respect of any assessment for the assessment year commencing on the 1st day of April, 1989 or any subsequent assessment years.


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