Section 44BB of Income Tax Act for AY 2023-24

Section 44BB of Income Tax Act amended by Finance Act and Rules. Computing profits and gains in business of exploration of mineral oils.

Amended and updated notes on section 44BB of Income Tax Act 1961 as amended by the Finance Act 2022 and Income-tax Rules, 1962. Detail discussion on provisions and rules related to special provision for computing profits and gains in connection with the business of exploration, etc., of mineral oils.

Chapter IV (Sections 14 to 59) of the Income Tax Act 1961 deals with the provisions related to computation of total income. Section 44BB of IT Act 1961-2020 provides for special provision for computing profits and gains in connection with the business of exploration, etc., of mineral oils.

Recently, we have discussed in detail section 44B (computing profits and gains of shipping business in the case of non-residents) of IT Act 1961. Today, we learn the provisions of section 44BB of Income-tax Act 1961. The amended provision of section 44BB is effective for financial year 2022-23 relevant to the assessment year 2023-24.

In this article, you will learn detail of the provisions of section 44BB of the Income Tax Act, 1961 Bare Act read with the Income-tax Rules, 1962, regulations, notifications, circulars, orders and Press Release by CBDT, Income Tax Department and the Ministry of Law and Justice, Government of India.

Section-44BB: Special provision for computing profits and gains in connection with the business of exploration, etc., of mineral oils

Section 44BB(1) of Income Tax Act

Notwithstanding anything to the contrary contained in sections 28 to 41 and sections 43 and 43A, in the case of an assessee, being a non-resident, engaged in the business of providing services or facilities in connection with, or supplying plant and machinery on hire used, or to be used, in the prospecting for, or extraction or production of, mineral oils, a sum equal to ten per cent of the aggregate of the amounts specified in sub-section (2) shall be deemed to be the profits and gains of such business chargeable to tax under the head “Profits and gains of business or profession”:

Provided that this sub-section shall not apply in a case where the provisions of section 42 or section 44D or section 44DA or section 115A or section 293A apply for the purposes of computing profits or gains or any other income referred to in those sections.

Section 44BB(2) of Income Tax Act

The amounts referred to in sub-section (1) shall be the following, namely :—

  • (a) the amount paid or payable (whether in or out of India) to the assessee or to any person on his behalf on account of the provision of services and facilities in connection with, or supply of plant and machinery on hire used, or to be used, in the prospecting for, or extraction or production of, mineral oils in India; and
  • (b) the amount received or deemed to be received in India by or on behalf of the assessee on account of the provision of services and facilities in connection with, or supply of plant and machinery on hire used, or to be used, in the prospecting for, or extraction or production of, mineral oils outside India.

Section 44BB(3) of Income Tax Act

Notwithstanding anything contained in sub-section (1), an assessee may claim lower profits and gains than the profits and gains specified in that sub-section, if he keeps and maintains such books of account and other documents as required under sub-section (2) of section 44AA and gets his accounts audited and furnishes a report of such audit as required under section 44AB, and thereupon the Assessing Officer shall proceed to make an assessment of the total income or loss of the assessee under sub-section (3) of section 143 and determine the sum payable by, or refundable to, the assessee.

Explanation: For the purposes of this section,—

  • (i) “plant” includes ships, aircraft, vehicles, drilling units, scientific apparatus and equipment, used for the purposes of the said business;
  • (ii) “mineral oil” includes petroleum and natural gas.


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