Harmonized System Code Classification: Section, Chapter, Heading

Country wise Chapter, Heading, Tariff Item Harmonized System Code Classification, history, structure and HS Code in India, US, China, UK, Germany, Japan.

HS Code 2024: The Harmonized System (HS) Code is an internationally standardized system code developed by WCO (World Customs Organization) and used by customs authorities to identify products worldwide.

The World Customs Organization (WCO), established in 1952 as Customs Co-operation Council (CCC), is the only international organization with competence in Customs matters and today represents 183 Customs administrations.

History of Harmonized System

Meaning of HS Code: The “Harmonized System” is a numerical method for classifying goods at international level. For uniform classification, the HS coding system is made up of six-digit globally recognized standard codes.

History of HS Code: The HS code was first introduced in the early 1970’s by the WCO as an international nomenclature to systematize traded products.

On the first day of January 1988, the new international Harmonized Tariff was adopted by most members of the WTO (World Trade Organization).

Now, the HS code is used by more than 211 countries and updated every five years. There are several revisions have been made in the Harmonized System in the year 1988, 1996, 2002, 2007, 2012 and 2017. The latest 2022 edition is issued for the year 2022-2026 and the next one is planned for 2027.

Structure of HS Code

Harmonised System (HS) Composition: The HS codes are formed of 6 digits. The six digits can be broken down into the following three parts:

  • Chapters (First 2 digit);
  • Headings (Next 2 digit); and
  • Sub-headings (Last 2 digit).

The HS codes are further subdivided into 7 to 13 digit tariff item level depending on the country.

For Example: 10-digit US HS Tariff Code 0813.40.30.10 meaning

Complete structure of 10-digit HS Code:

  • Chapter-08: Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons.
    • Heading-13: Fruit, dried, other than that of headings 0801 to 0806; mixtures of nuts or dried fruits of this chapter.
      • Sub-heading-40: Other fruit:
        • Tariff Item-30: Cherries;
          • Statistical Suffix-10: Tart varieties (Prunus cerasus).

International

Universal HS Code upto six digit i.e. 0813.40.3010

  • Chapter-08: Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons.
    • Heading-13: Fruit, dried, other than that of headings 0801 to 0806; mixtures of nuts or dried fruits of this chapter.
      • Sub-heading-40: Other fruit.

National

HS Code subdivision for national purpose beyond 6-digit i.e. 0813.40.30.10

  • Tariff Item-30: Cherries;
    • Statistical Suffix-10: Tart varieties (Prunus cerasus).

Country wise HS Code

As of day, there are more than 200 countries, territories or customs or economic unions are applying the Harmonized System.

Question: How many digits are there in HS code? Is HS code same for all countries or are different for each country?

Answer: The HS codes may contain 2-digit, 4 digits, 6 digits, 8 digits, 10 digits or 12 digits. But only up to 6-digit HS codes are administered by the WTO.

Therefore, the first 6 digits of the HS Code are same for all the countries. However, each country may create 8, 10, and sometimes 12 digits Harmonized Systems code without violating common code (six digits) issued by the WCO.

Number of Digits in HS Code

India HS Code

In India HS codes are known as Harmonised System of Nomenclature (HSN) Codes. With effect from 1st April, 2021, India has implemented 8-digit HSN code for export and import of Goods.

A registered person shall mention the following specified digits of Harmonised System of Nomenclature (HSN) Codes in a tax invoice:

Aggregate Turnover in the preceding
Financial Year
Number of Digits of HSN Code
Up to rupees five crores4
more than rupees five crores6
All 8-digits HSN code are mandatory in case of export and imports transactions8
Number of digits used in India HS Code

US HS Code

The United States applying 10-digit HS code usually called HTS (Harmonized Tariff Schedule) Code or HTS numbers or HTSUS code.

Chinese HS Code

With effect from 1st August 2018, China is using 13-digit HS code.

  • The first 8-digit is the Commodity HS code of “Import and Export Tariff of the People’s Republic of China“;
  • Next 2-digit are customs supervisory additional numbers; and
  • Last 3-digits are additional numbers for inspection and quarantine.

Following are the list of countries, territories or customs or economic unions applying the Harmonized System (HS) Code.

Contracting Parties A-KContracting Parties L-Z
Albania
Algeria
Andorra
Angola
Argentina
Armenia
Australia
Austria
Azerbaijan
Bahamas
Bahrain
Bangladesh
Belarus
Belgium
Benin
Bhutan
Bolivia
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Botswana
Brazil
Brunei Darussalam
Bulgaria
Burkina Faso
Burundi
Cambodia
Cameroon
Canada
Cape Verde
Central African Republic
Chad
Chile
China
Colombia
Comoros
Congo (Republic of the)
Costa Rica
Côte d’Ivoire
Croatia
Cuba
Cyprus
Czech Republic
Democratic Republic of the Congo
Denmark
Djibouti
Dominican Republic
Ecuador
Egypt
Eritrea
Estonia
Eswatini
Ethiopia
Fiji
Finland
France
Gabon
Gambia
Georgia
Germany
Ghana
Greece
Guatemala
Guinea
Guinea-Bissau
Haiti
Hungary
Iceland
India
Indonesia
Iran (Islamic Republic of)
Ireland
Israel
Italy
Japan
Jordan
Kazakhstan
Kenya
Korea (Republic of)
Kosovo
Kuwait
Kyrgyzstan
Latvia
Lebanon
Lesotho
Liberia
Libya
Lithuania
Luxembourg
Madagascar
Malawi
Malaysia
Maldives
Mali
Malta
Mauritius
Mauritania
Mexico
Moldova
Mongolia
Montenegro
Morocco
Mozambique
Namibia
Nepal
Netherlands
New Zealand
Niger
Nigeria
North Macedonia
Norway
Oman
Pakistan
Palestine
Panama
Papua New Guinea
Paraguay
Peru
Philippines
Poland
Portugal
Qatar
Romania
Russian Federation
Rwanda
Sao Tome and Principe
Saudi Arabia
Senegal
Serbia
Seychelles
Sierra Leone
Singapore
Slovakia
Slovenia
South Africa
Spain
Sri Lanka
Sudan
Sweden
Switzerland
Syrian Arab Republic
Tajikistan
Tanzania
Thailand
Togo
Tunisia
Turkey
Uganda
Ukraine
Union of Myanmar (Republic of the)
United Arab Emirates
United Kingdom
United States
Uruguay
Uzbekistan
Vanuatu
Venezuela
Viet Nam
Yemen
Zambia
Zimbabwe
European Union (EU)
Table showing list of Contracting Party to the HS Convention

Chapter wise HS Code

HS Code full form is Harmonised System code. We have already discussed above in detail about different name of HS code used by all countries.

Section-I: Chapters 1-5

Click on the respective chapter to find HSN code or Harmonised System codes with GST rates of Goods/ Products/Commodities related to Live Animals and Animal Products.

Name of ChaptersDescription of Goods
Chapter-1Live animals
Chapter-2Meat and edible meat offal
Chapter-3Fish and crustaceans, molluscs and other aquatic invertebrates.
Chapter-4Dairy produce; birds’ eggs; natural honey; edible products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included.
Chapter-5Products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included.
HSN Codes for Chapters 1-5

Section-II Chapters 6-14

Click on the respective chapter to get HS code or Harmonised System codes with GST rates of Goods/ Products/Commodities related to Vegetable Products.

Name of ChaptersDescription of Goods
Chapter-6Live trees and other plants; bulbs, roots and the like; cut flowers and ornamental foliage
Chapter-7Edible vegetables and certain roots and tubers
Chapter-8Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruits or melons
Chapter-9Coffee, tea, mate and spices
Chapter-10Cereals
Chapter-11Products of the milling industry; malt; starches; inulin; wheat gluten.
Chapter-12Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruit; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder.
Chapter-13Lac; gums, resins and other vegetable saps and extracts
Chapter-14Vegetable plaiting materials; vegetable products not elsewhere specified or included.
HSN Codes for Chapters 6-14

Section-III Chapter 15

Click on the respective chapter to get HS code or Harmonised System codes with GST rates of Goods/ Products/Commodities related to Animal or Vegetable Fats and Oils and their cleavage products; Prepared Edible Fats; animal or vegetble waxes.

Name of ChapterDescription of Goods
Chapter-15Animal or vegetable fats and oil and their cleavage products; prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes
HSN Codes for Chapters 15

Section-IV Chapters 16-24

Click on the respective chapter to get HS code or Harmonised System codes with GST rates of Goods/ Products/Commodities related to Prepared Foodstuffs, Beverages, Spirits and Vinegar, Tobacco and Manufactured Tobacco Substitutes.

Name of ChaptersDescription of Goods
Chapter-16Preparation of meat, of fish or of crustaceans, molluscs or other aquatic invertebrates
Chapter-17Sugars and sugar confectionery
Chapter-18Cocoa and cocoa preparations
Chapter-19Preparations of cereals, flour, starch or milk; pastry cooks’ products
Chapter-20Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts or other parts of plants
Chapter-21Miscellaneous edible preparations
Chapter-22Beverages, spirits and vinegar
Chapter-23Residues and waste from the food industries; prepared animal fodder
Chapter-24Tobacco and manufactured tobacco substitutes
HSN Codes for Chapters 16-24

Section-V Chapters 25-27

Click on the respective chapter to get HS code or Harmonised System codes with GST rates of Goods/ Products/Commodities related to Mineral Products.

Name of ChaptersDescription of Goods
Chapter-25Salt; sulphur, earths and stones; plastering materials, lime and cement
Chapter-26Ores, slag and ash
Chapter-27Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes
HSN Codes for Chapters 25-27

Section-VI Chapters 28-38

Click on the respective chapter to get HS code or Harmonised System codes with GST rates of Goods/ Products/Commodities related to Product of the chemicals or allied Industries.

Name of ChaptersDescription of Goods
Chapter-28Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals, of radioactive elements or of; isotopes
Chapter-29Organic chemicals
Chapter-30Pharmaceutical products
Chapter-31Fertilisers
Chapter-32Tanning or dyeing extracts; tannins and their derivatives; dyes, pigments and other colouring matter, paints and varnishes; putty and other mastics; inks.
Chapter-33Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations
Chapter-34Soap, organic surface-active agents, washing preparations, lubricating preparations, artificial waxes, prepared waxes, polishing or scouring preparations, candles and similar articles, modelling pastes, “dental waxes” and dental preparations with a basis of plaster
Chapter-35Albuminoidal substances; modified starches; glues; enzymes
Chapter-36Explosives; pyrotechnic products; matches; pyrophoric alloys; certain combustible preparations.
Chapter-37Photographic or cinematographic goods
Chapter-38Miscellaneous chemical products
HSN Codes for Chapters 28-38

Section-VII Chapters 39-40

Click on the respective chapter to get HS code or Harmonised System codes with GST rates of Goods/ Products/Commodities related to Plastics and articles thereof, Rubber and articles thereof.

Name of ChaptersDescription of Goods
Chapter-39Plastics and articles thereof
Chapter-40Rubber and articles thereof
HSN Codes for Chapters 39-40

Section-VIII Chapters 41-43

Click on the respective chapter to get HS code or Harmonised System codes with GST rates of Goods/ Products/Commodities related to Raw hides and skins, Leather, Furskins and articles thereof, saddlery and harness, travel goods, handbags and similar containers, articles of animal gut ( other than silk-worm gut ).

Name of ChaptersDescription of Goods
Chapter-41Raw hides and skins (other than furskins) and leather
Chapter-42Articles of leather; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silk-worm gut)
Chapter-43Furskins and artificial fur, manufactures thereof
HSN Codes for Chapters 41-43

Section-IX Chapters 44-46

Click on the respective chapter to get HS code or Harmonised System codes with GST rates of Goods/ Products/Commodities related to Wood and articles of wood, Wood charcoal, Cork and articles of cork, Manufacturers of straw, of Esparto or of other Plaiting Materials, Basketwork and Wickerwork.

Name of ChaptersDescription of Goods
Chapter-44Wood and Articles of wood; wood charcoal
Chapter-45Cork and articles of cork
Chapter-46Manufactures of straw, of esparto or of other plaiting materials; basketware and wickerwork.
HSN Codes for Chapters 44-46

Section-X Chapters 47-49

Respective chapter will provide you the HSN/HTS/HS code or Harmonised System codes with GST rates of Goods/ Products/Commodities related to Pulp of wood or of other Fibrous Cellulosic Material, Recovered ( Waste and scrap ) paper or paperboard, paper and paperboard and articles thereof.

Name of ChaptersDescription of Goods
Chapter-47Pulp of wood or of other fibrous cellulosic material; recovered (waste and scrap) paper or paperboard.
Chapter-48Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard.
Chapter-49Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans.
HSN Codes for Chapters 47-49

Section-XI Chapters 50-63

Click the respective chapters to find out HS code or Harmonised System codes with GST rates of Goods/ Products/Commodities related to Textile and textile articles.

Name of ChaptersDescription of Goods
Chapter-50Silk
Chapter-51Wool, fine or coarse animal hair; horse hair yarn and woven fabric
Chapter-52Cotton
Chapter-53Other vegetable textile fibres; paper yarn and woven fabrics of paper yarn
Chapter-54Man-made filaments
Chapter-55Man-made staple fibres
Chapter-56Wadding, felt and nonwovens; special yarns; twine, cordage, ropes and cables and articles thereof
Chapter-57Carpets and other textile floor coverings
Chapter-58Special woven fabrics; tufted textile fabrics; lace; tapestries; trimmings; embroidery
Chapter-59Impregnated, coated, covered or laminated textile fabrics; textile articles of a kind suitable for industrial use.
Chapter-60Knitted or crocheted fabrics
Chapter-61Articles of apparel and clothing accessories knitted or crocheted
Chapter-62Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted
Chapter-63Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags
HSN Codes for Chapters 50-63

Section-XII Chapters 64-67

Click on the respective chapter to get HS code or Harmonised System codes with GST rates of Goods/ Products/Commodities related to Footwear, Headgear, Umbrellas, Sun Umbrellas, Walking-sticks, seat-sticks, whips, riding-crops and parts thereof, Prepared feathers and articles made therewith, Artificial flowers, Articles of human hair.

Name of ChaptersDescription of Goods
Chapter-64Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles
Chapter-65Headgear and parts thereof
Chapter-66Umbrellas, sun umbrellas, walking-sticks, seat-sticks, whips, riding-crops and parts thereof.
Chapter-67Prepared feathers and down and articles made of feathers or of down; artificial flowers; articles of human hair
HSN Codes for Chapters 64-67

Section-XIII Chapters 68-70

Click on the respective chapter to get HS code or Harmonised System codes with GST rates of Goods/ Products/Commodities related to Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica, or similar materials, ceramic products, glass and glassware.

Name of ChaptersDescription of Goods
Chapter-68Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials
Chapter-69Ceramic products
Chapter-70Glass and glassware
HSN Codes for Chapters 68-70

Section-XIV Chapter 71

Click on the respective chapter to get HS/ HTS/ HSN code or Harmonised System codes with GST rates of Goods/ Products/Commodities related to Natural or cultured pearls, Precious or semi-precious stones, precious metals, Metal clad with precious metal, and articles thereof, Imitation Jewellery, Coins.

Name of ChapterDescription of Goods
Chapter-71Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones, precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewellery; coin
HSN Codes for Chapter 71

Section-XV Chapters 72-83

Click on the following chapter to get Harmonised System (HS) codes with GST rates of Goods/ Products/Commodities related to Base Metals and articles of Base Metal.

Name of ChaptersDescription of Goods
Chapter-72Iron and steel
Chapter-73Articles of iron or steel
Chapter-74Copper and articles thereof
Chapter-75Nickel and articles thereof
Chapter-76Aluminium and articles thereof
Chapter-77(Reserved for possible future use)
Chapter-78Lead and articles thereof
Chapter-79Zinc and articles thereof
Chapter-80Tin and articles thereof
Chapter-81Other base metals; cermets; articles thereof
Chapter-82Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof of base metal
Chapter-83Miscellaneous articles of base metal
HSN Codes for Chapters 72-83

Section-XVI Chapters 84-85

Respective chapter reveal the HS code or HTS code or Harmonised System codes with GST rates of Goods/ Products/Commodities related to Machinery and mechanical appliances, electrical equipment, parts thereof, sound recorders and reproducers, television image and souch recorders and reproducers, and Parts and Accessories of such article.

Name of ChaptersDescription of Goods
Chapter-84Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof
Chapter-85Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles
HSN Codes for Chapters 84-85

Section-XVII Chapters 86-89

Click on the respective chapter to get HS code or Harmonised System codes with GST rates of Goods/ Products/Commodities related to Vehicles, Aircraft, Vessels and Associated Transport Equipment.

Name of ChaptersDescription of Goods
Chapter-86Railway or tramway locomotives, rolling-stock and parts thereof; railway or tramway track fixtures and fittings and parts thereof; mechanical (including electro-mechanical) traffic signaling equipment of all kinds
Chapter-87Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling-stock, and parts and accessories thereof
Chapter-88Aircraft, spacecraft, and parts thereof
Chapter-89Ships, boats and floating structures
HSN Codes for Chapters 86-89

Section-XVIII Chapters 90-92

Click on the respective chapter text link for HS code or Harmonised System code finder with GST rates of Goods/ Products/Commodities related to Optical, Photographic, Cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus, clocks and watches, musical instruments, parts and accessories thereof.

Name of ChaptersDescription of Goods
Chapter-90Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof
Chapter-91Clocks and watches and parts thereof
Chapter-92Musical instruments; parts and accessories of such articles
HSN Codes for Chapters 90-92

Section-XIX Chapter 93

Click on the following chapter to find HS code or HSN code or Harmonised System code with GST rates of Goods/ Products/Commodities related to Arms and ammunition, parts and accessories thereof.

Name of ChapterDescription of Goods
Chapter-93Arms and ammunition; parts and accessories thereof
HSN Codes for Chapter 93

Section-XX Chapters 94-96

The following chapters are providing HS/HTS code or Harmonised System codes with GST rates of Goods/ Products/Commodities related to Miscellaneous Manufactured Articles.

Name of ChaptersDescription of Goods
Chapter-94Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated signs, illuminated name-plates and the like; prefabricated buildings
Chapter-95Toys, games and sports requisites; parts and accessories thereof
Chapter-96Miscellaneous manufactured articles
HSN Codes for Chapters 94-96

Section-XXI Chapters 97-98

Respective chapters are describing the HSN codes or Harmonised System code with GST rates of Goods/ Products/Commodities related to Works of art, Collectors’ Pieces and antiques.

Name of ChaptersDescription of Goods
Chapter-97Works of art, collectors’ pieces and antiques
Chapter-98Project imports, Laboratory chemicals, passenger’s baggage, personal importation by air or post; ship stores
Chapter-99Temporary legislation; temporary modifications established pursuant to trade legislation; additional import restrictions established pursuant to section 22 of the Agricultural Adjustment Act, as amended
HSN Codes for Chapters 97-98


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